Volatile constituents of Xylopia frutescens, X. pynaertii and X. sericea: Chemical and biological study

Authors

  • G. Fournier,

    Corresponding author
    1. Laboratoire de Pharmacognosie, URA 1843 CNRS (Biocis), Faculté de Pharmacie, 5 Rue J.-B. Clément, F-92290 Chǎtenay-Malabry, France
    • Laboratoire de Pharmacognosie, URA 1843 CNRS (Biocis), Faculté de Pharmacie, 5 Rue J.-B. Clément, F-92290 Chǎtenay-Malabry, France
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  • A. Hadjiakhoondi,

    1. Laboratoire de Pharmacognosie, URA 1843 CNRS (Biocis), Faculté de Pharmacie, 5 Rue J.-B. Clément, F-92290 Chǎtenay-Malabry, France
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  • M. Leboeuf,

    1. Laboratoire de Pharmacognosie, URA 1843 CNRS (Biocis), Faculté de Pharmacie, 5 Rue J.-B. Clément, F-92290 Chǎtenay-Malabry, France
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  • A. Cavé,

    1. Laboratoire de Pharmacognosie, URA 1843 CNRS (Biocis), Faculté de Pharmacie, 5 Rue J.-B. Clément, F-92290 Chǎtenay-Malabry, France
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  • B. Charles,

    1. Laboratoire de Pharmacognosie, Faculté de Pharmacie, 16 Boulevard Daviers, F-49045 Angers Cedex, France
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  • J. Fourniat

    1. Laboratoire de Bactériologie, Faculté de Pharmacie, 5 Rue J.-B. Clément, F-92290 Chǎtenay-Malabry, France
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  • Part 3 in the series ‘Essential oils of Annonaceae’; for part 2 see G. Fournier et al. (1993); Chemical and biological studies of Xylopia longifolia A. DC. essential oil. J. Essent. Oil. Res., 5, 403–410.

Abstract

The essential oils from three Xylopia species (X. frutescens, X. pynaertii, X. sericea), Annonaceae, have been examined by GC and GC/MS, and screened for bacteriostatic and fungistatic activities. The main components of each oil have been identified. The major constituents of X. frutescens stem bark oil were α-cubebene (25.2%) and δ-cadinol (27.4%). The root of X. pynaertii was rich in elemol (27.1%), while the stem bark oil contained δ-cadinene (10.3%), γ-muurolene (10.1%) and cubenol (12.6%). The major components of X. sericea root bark oil were p-cymene (22.8%) and α-gurjunene (13.8%). These oils exhibited moderate bacteriostatic and fungistatic activities.

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