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Keywords:

  • Equisetum;
  • antioxidant activity;
  • FRAP;
  • ESR

Abstract

The antioxidant and scavenging activities of above ground parts of Equisetum arvense L., Equisetum ramosissimum L. and Equisetum telmateia L. phosphate buffer (pH 7) extracts were investigated. Activities of antioxidant enzymes (superoxide dismutase, catalase, guaiacol peroxidase and glutathione peroxidase), quantities of reduced glutathione, malonyldialdehyde, superoxide and hydroxyl radicals and flavonoid, soluble protein, chlorophyll a, b and carotenoid contents were determined. The total antioxidant capacity was determined by ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) assay. The Equisetum telmateia extract demonstrated scavenging and antioxidant properties better than Equisetum ramosissimum and Equisetum arvense. The ESR signal of DMPO-OH radical adducts in the presence of Equisetum telmateia phosphate buffer (pH 7) extract was reduced by 98.9% indicating that Equisetum telmateia could be a useful source of antioxidants with huge scavenging ability. Copyright © 2008 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.