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Lignans with Anti-Hepatitis B Virus Activities from Phyllanthus niruri L.


Wanxing Wei, Department of Chemistry, Guangxi University, Nanning 530004, People's Republic of China.



One new lignan, nirtetralin B, along with its two known stereoisomers were isolated from Phyllanthus niruri L. The structure of the new compound was determined by spectroscopy experiments and x-ray diffraction analysis. These lignans were assayed for anti-hepatitis B virus activities in vitro. Nirtetralin and nirtetralin A, B effectively suppressed the secretion of the HBV antigens in a dose-dependent manner with IC50 values for HBsAg of 9.5 µm (nirtetralin A), 16.7 µm (nirtetralin B) and 97.2 µm (nirtetralin), IC50 values for HBeAg of 17.4 µm (nirtetralin A), 69.3 µm (nirtetralin B) and 232.0 µm (nirtetralin), respectively. Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.