Betulinic Acid has an Inhibitory Effect on Pancreatic Lipase and Induces Adipocyte Lipolysis
Article first published online: 24 NOV 2011
Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Volume 26, Issue 7, pages 1103–1106, July 2012
How to Cite
Kim, J., Lee, Y. S., Kim, C.-S. and Kim, J. S. (2012), Betulinic Acid has an Inhibitory Effect on Pancreatic Lipase and Induces Adipocyte Lipolysis. Phytother. Res., 26: 1103–1106. doi: 10.1002/ptr.3672
- Issue published online: 5 JUL 2012
- Article first published online: 24 NOV 2011
- Manuscript Accepted: 1 SEP 2011
- Manuscript Revised: 29 AUG 2011
- Manuscript Received: 9 JUN 2011
- betulinic acid;
- pancreatic lipase
Betulinic acid is a pentacyclic triterpenic acid that exists naturally in many kinds of food and has many biological functions. The present study investigated the antiobesity properties of betulinic acid and possible mechanisms by which betulinic acid functions. To examine the antilipase function of betulinic acid, the ability of betulinic acid to inhibit pancreatic lipase activity in vitro and to prevent the elevation of plasma triacylglycerol levels was tested after oral administration of a lipid emulsion in rats. In addition, the lipolytic effects of betulinic acid were assayed in rat adipose tissues. The activity of cAMP-dependent phosphodiesterase was also measured in vitro. Betulinic acid inhibited pancreatic lipase activity in a dose-dependent manner at concentrations of 1.5–100 µ m (IC50 value of 21.10 µ m) and prevented the elevation of plasma triacylglycerol levels 2 h after oral administration of the lipid emulsion at a dose of 100 mg/kg. In addition, betulinic acid had a strong lipolytic effect, which was mediated by cAMP-dependent phosphodiesterase inhibition. In conclusion, betulinic acid may exert antiobesity effects by directly inhibiting pancreatic lipase, which would prevent the absorption of lipid from the small intestine. In addition, it was found that betulinic acid may further accelerate fat mobilization by enhancing the levels of lipolysis in adipose tissues. Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.