Cryptotanshinone from Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix Inhibits Sodium-nitroprusside-induced Apoptosis in Neuro-2a Cells

Authors

  • Ramalingam Mahesh,

    1. Oriental Medicine R&D Center, College of Oriental Medicine, Dongguk University, Gyeongju, Republic of Korea
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    • These authors made equal contributions to this study.

  • Hyo Won Jung,

    1. Oriental Medicine R&D Center, College of Oriental Medicine, Dongguk University, Gyeongju, Republic of Korea
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    • These authors made equal contributions to this study.

  • Gun Woo Kim,

    1. Department of Korean Neuropsychiatry, Dongguk University Bundang Oriental Hospital, Seongnam, Republic of Korea
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  • Young Shik Kim,

    1. Natural Products Research Institute and College of Pharmacy, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea
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  • Yong-Ki Park

    Corresponding author
    • Oriental Medicine R&D Center, College of Oriental Medicine, Dongguk University, Gyeongju, Republic of Korea
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Yong-Ki Park, Department of Herbology, College of Oriental Medicine, Gyeongju 740-814, South Korea.

E-mail: yongki@dongguk.ac.kr

Abstract

The root of Salvia miltiorrhiza (Salviae miltiorrhizae radix), a herbal medicine has widely been used for the treatment of pain, miscarriage and oedema. In this study, we evaluated the neuroprotective effect of cryptotanshinone (CRT) from Salviae miltiorrhizae radix on sodium-nitroprusside (SNP)-induced apoptosis in neuro-2a (N2a) cells, and further investigated its action mechanism in signalling pathways. The effects of CRT against SNP-induced toxicity, mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) changes, and oxidants/antioxidant defences and apoptotic signalling pathways were investigated in N2a cells. Cryptotanshinone significantly inhibited SNP-induced cell toxicity and the generation of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species (RONS), and improved MMP in N2a cells. Cryptotanshinone significantly suppressed SNP-induced peroxidation of lipid and protein, and the expression of Gclc mRNA. In the signalling pathway, CRT effectively blocked SNP-induced activation of NF-κB and ERK1/2 and JNK MAPK pathways through the elevation of Akt and cyclic AMP response element binding protein. Furthermore, CRT remarkably reduced the increase of mitochondrial Bax/Bcl-2 ratio, the release of cytochrome c from mitochondria to cytosol, and the activations of cytosolic procaspase-3 and nuclear inactive poly ADP (adenosine diphosphate)-ribose polymerase by SNP-induced apoptosis. These results indicate that CRT has neuroprotective effects against SNP-induced apoptosis in neuronal cells via the regulation of mitochondrial apoptotic cascades and antiapoptotic cellular signalling pathways. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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