Quercetin Reduces High-Fat Diet-Induced Fat Accumulation in the Liver by Regulating Lipid Metabolism Genes
Article first published online: 23 MAR 2012
Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Volume 27, Issue 1, pages 139–143, January 2013
How to Cite
Jung, C. H., Cho, I., Ahn, J., Jeon, T.-I. and Ha, T.-Y. (2013), Quercetin Reduces High-Fat Diet-Induced Fat Accumulation in the Liver by Regulating Lipid Metabolism Genes. Phytother. Res., 27: 139–143. doi: 10.1002/ptr.4687
- Issue published online: 7 JAN 2013
- Article first published online: 23 MAR 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 7 MAR 2012
- Manuscript Revised: 5 MAR 2012
- Manuscript Received: 13 JUN 2011
- high-fat diet;
- lipid metabolism;
To understand the molecular mechanisms underlying the influence of quercetin on the physiological effects of hyperlipidemia, we investigated its role in the prevention of high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity and found that it regulated hepatic gene expression related to lipid metabolism. Quercetin supplementation in mice significantly reduced the HFD-induced gains in body weight, liver weight, and white adipose tissue weight compared with the mice fed only with HFD. It also significantly reduced HFD-induced increases in serum lipids, including cholesterol, triglyceride, and thiobarbituric acid-reactive substance (TBARS). Consistent with the reduced liver weight and white adipose tissue weight, hepatic lipid accumulation and the size of lipid droplets in the epididymal fat pads were also reduced by quercetin supplementation. To further investigate how quercetin may reduce obesity, we analyzed lipid metabolism-related genes in the liver. Quercetin supplementation altered expression profiles of several lipid metabolism-related genes, including Fnta, Pon1, Pparg, Aldh1b1, Apoa4, Abcg5, Gpam, Acaca, Cd36, Fdft1, and Fasn, relative to those in HFD control mice. The expression patterns of these genes observed by quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction were confirmed by immunoblot assays. Collectively, our results indicate that quercetin prevents HFD-induced obesity in C57B1/6 mice, and its anti-obesity effects may be related to the regulation of lipogenesis at the level of transcription. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.