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Evaluation of Bioactive Potential of an Aloe vera Sterol Extract


Correspondence to: Dr. Subramanian Babu, Associate Professor, School of Bio Sciences and Technology, VIT University, Vellore 632014, Tamil Nadu, India.



We prepared a crude gel material from Aloe vera succulent leaf tissues. The ethanolic extract of lyophilized A. vera gel was used for the GC-MS analysis. Hexadecanoic acid (22.22%) was identified as major compound. Sitosterol and stigmasterol were found to be 2.89% and 2.1% in the extract. HPLC analysis was carried out to confirm the presence of stigmasterol. The concentration of sterol extract needed to scavenge DPPH free radical by 50% was calculated as 5.2 mg mL−1. In the FRAP assay, the sterol extract showed significant hydroxyl radical scavenging in a dose-dependent manner (IC50 value 1.17 µg mL−1). Concentration of the sample required to reduce lipid peroxidation was found to be 4.18 µg mL−1, and the extract also possessed acetylcholinesterase activity (IC50 - 5.26 µg mL−1). Catalase activity was 0.196 μM H2O2 decomposed min−1 µg−1 protein, whereas the peroxidase activity was 17.01 μM of pyragallol oxidized min−1 µg−1 protein. The extract recorded higher activity against growth of S. greseus and C. albicans in the experiments carried out to determine antibacterial and antifungal activity, respectively. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.