In vivo Antimalarial Activity of a Labdane Diterpenoid from the Leaves of Otostegia integrifolia Benth

Authors

  • Abyot Endale,

    1. Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry and Pharmacognosy, School of Pharmacy, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Daniel Bisrat,

    1. Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry and Pharmacognosy, School of Pharmacy, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Abebe Animut,

    1. Aklilu Lemma Institute of Pathobiology, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Franz Bucar,

    1. Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Department of Pharmacognosy, Karl-Franzens-University Graz, Graz, Austria
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Kaleab Asres

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry and Pharmacognosy, School of Pharmacy, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    • Correspondence to: Dr. Kaleab Asres, Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry and Pharmacognosy, School of Pharmacy, Addis Ababa University, P. O. Box 1176, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

      E-mail: Kasres@gmail.com

    Search for more papers by this author

Abstract

In Ethiopian traditional medicine, the leaves of Otostegia integrifolia Benth. are used for the treatment of several diseases including malaria. In an ongoing search for effective, safe and cheap antimalarial agents from plants, the 80% methanol leaf extract O. integrifolia was tested for its in vivo antimalarial activity, in a 4-day suppressive assay against Plasmodium berghei. Activity-guided fractionation of this extract which showed potent antiplasmodial activity resulted in the isolation of a labdane diterpenoid identified as otostegindiol. Otostegindiol displayed a significant (P < 0.001) antimalarial activity at doses of 25, 50 and 100 mg/kg with chemosuppression values of 50.13, 65.58 and 73.16%, respectively. Acute toxicity studies revealed that the crude extract possesses no toxicity in mice up to a maximum dose of 5000 mg/kg suggesting the relative safety of the plant when administered orally. The results of the present study indicate that otostegindiol is among the antimalarial principles in this medicinal plant, and further support claims for the traditional medicinal use of the plant for the treatment of malaria. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Ancillary