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Keywords:

  • Zanthoxylum americanum;
  • coumarins;
  • lignans;
  • HL-60;
  • cancer;
  • cytotoxicity;
  • leukaemia

Abstract

Four pyranocoumarins; dipetaline, alloxanthoxyletin, xanthoxyletin and xanthyletin; and two lignans; sesamin and asarinin were isolated from the northern prickly ash, Zanthoxylum americanum. To varying degrees, all inhibited the incorporation of tritiated thymidine into human leukaemia (HL-60) cells. Dipetaline was the most active with an IC50 of 0.68 ppm, followed by alloxanthoxyletin (1.31 ppm), sesamin (2.71 ppm), asarinin (4.12 ppm), xanthoxyletin (3.48 ppm) and xanthylletin (3.84 ppm). Copyright © 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.