European Consumers' Perceptions of Time–Temperature Indicators in Food Packaging (pages 303–323)
Kyösti Pennanen, Caralampo Focas, Vilja Kumpusalo-Sanna, Kaisu Keskitalo-Vuokko, Imke Matullat, Mariem Ellouze, Saara Pentikäinen, Maria Smolander, Virpi Korhonen and Margareetta Ollila
Article first published online: 22 SEP 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/pts.2105
Sixteen qualitative focus groups and a quantitative survey were conducted in four European countries (Finland, Greece, France and Germany) in 2012 to capture consumers' views on both time–temperature indicator (TTI) technology concept and two commercial TTI applications. The results of the study show that consumers in all countries understand the value of the TTI concept, but the studied applications did not meet the consumers' expectations implying the need for further work to enable the TTI acceptance among consumers.