SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Bister M, Emanuel KA. 1997. The genesis of hurricane Guillermo: TEXMEX analyses and a modeling study. Mon. Weather Rev. 125: 26622682.
  • Bolton D. 1980. The computation of equivalent potential temperature. Mon. Weather Rev. 108: 10461053.
  • Braun SA, Montgomery MT, Mallen KJ, Reasor PD. 2010. Simulation and interpretation of the genesis of tropical storm Gert (2005) as part of the NASA Tropical Cloud Systems and Processes Experiment. J. Atmos. Sci. 67: 9991025.
  • Brown RG, Bretherton CS. 1997. A test of the strict quasi-equilibrium theory on long time and space scales. J. Atmos. Sci. 54: 624638.
  • Cotton WR, Anthes RA. 1989. Storm and cloud dynamics. Academic Press: San Diego, CA. pp 883.
  • Davis CA, Ahijevych DA. 2012. Mesoscale structural evolution of three tropical weather systems observed during PREDICT. J. Atmos. Sci. 69: in press.
  • Dunkerton TJ, Montgomery MT, Wang Z. 2009. Tropical cyclogenesis in a tropical wave critical layer: easterly waves. Atmos. Chem. Phys. 9: 55875646.
  • Elsberry RL, Harr P. 2008. Tropical cyclone structure (TCS08) Field experiment scientific basis, observational platforms, and strategy. Asia-Pacific J. Atmos. Sci. 44: 123.
  • Emanuel KA. 1989. The finite amplitude nature of tropical cyclogenesis. J. Atmos. Sci. 46: 34313456.
  • Emanuel KA. 1994. Atmospheric convection. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.
  • Emanuel KA, Neelin JD, Bretherton CS. 1994. On large-scale circulations in convecting atmospheres. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 120: 11111143.
  • Fang J, Zhang F. 2010. Initial development and genesis of hurricane Dolly (2008). J. Atmos. Sci. 67: 655672.
  • Fierro AO, Zipser EJ, Lemone MA, Straka JM, Simpson J. 2012. Tropical oceanic hot towers: need they be dilute to transport energy from the boundary layer to the upper troposphere effectively? An answer based on trajectory analysis of a simulation of a TOGA COARE convective system. J. Atmos. Sci. 69: 195213.
  • Frank WM. 1987. Tropical cyclone formation. In: A global view of tropical cyclones. Elsberry RL (ed.) Office of Naval Research, 5390.
  • Halverson J, Black M, Rogers R, Braun S, Heymsfield G, Cecil D, Goodman M, Hood R, Heymsfield A, Krishnamurti TN, McFarquhar G, Mahoney MJ, Molinari J, Turk J, Velden C, Zhang D-L, Zipser EJ, Kakar R. 2007. NASA's Tropical Cloud Systems and Processes Experiment. Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc. 88: 867882.
  • Haynes P, McIntyre ME. 1987. On the evolution of vorticity and potential vorticity in the presence of diabatic heating and frictional or other forces. J. Atmos. Sci. 44: 828841.
  • Hendricks EA, Montgomery MT, Davis CA. 2004. On the role of ‘vortical’ hot towers in formation of tropical cyclone Diana (1984). J. Atmos. Sci. 61: 12091232.
  • Hiroshi A. 1978. A method of bivariate interpolation and smooth surface fitting for irregularly distributed data points. ACM Trans. Math. Software 4: 148164.
  • Hiroshi A. 1984. On estimating partial derivatives for bivariate interpolation of scattered data. Rocky Mountain J. Math. 14: 4152.
  • Holton JR. 2004. An introduction to dynamic meteorology. Academic Press: London.
  • Houze RA. 1993. Cloud dynamics. Academic Press: San Diego, CA. pp 573.
  • Houze RA, Lee W-C, Bell MM. 2009. Convective contribution to the genesis of hurricane Ophelia (2005). Mon. Weather Rev. 137: 27782800.
  • James RP, Markowski PM. 2009. A numerical investigation of the effects of dry air aloft on deep convection. Mon. Weather Rev. 137: 140161.
  • Karyampudi VM, Pierce HF. 2002. Synoptic-scale influence of the Saharan air layer on tropical cyclogenesis over the eastern Atlantic. Mon. Weather Rev. 130: 31003128.
  • McBride JL. 1995. Tropical cyclone formation. 2162 in Global Perspectives on Tropical Cyclones. Elsberry RL (ed.) WMO/TD-No 693, World Meteorological Organization: Geneva, Switzerland.
  • Montgomery MT, Smith RK. 2011. Tropical cyclone formation: Theory and idealized modelling. In Proceedings of Seventh WMO International Workshop on Tropical Cyclones (IWTC-VII), La Réunion, Nov. 2010. (WWRP 2011-1) World Meteorological Organization: Geneva, Switzerland.
  • Montgomery MT, Nicholls ME, Cram TA, Saunders AB. 2006. A vortical hot tower route to tropical cyclogenesis. J. Atmos. Sci. 63: 355386.
  • Montgomery MT, Nguyen SV, Smith RK. 2009. Do tropical cyclones intensify by WISHE? Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 135: 16971714.
  • Montgomery MT, Davis C, Dunkerton T, Wang Z, Velden C, Torn R, Majumdar S, Zhang F, Smith RK, Bosart L, Bell MM, Haase JS, Heymsfield A, Jensen J, Campos T, Boothe MA. 2012. The Pre-Depression Investigation of Cloud systems in the Tropics (PREDICT) experiment: Scientific basis, new analysis tools, and some first results. Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc. 93: 153172.
  • Nguyen SV, Smith RK, Montgomery MT. 2008. Tropical-cyclone intensification and predictability in three dimensions. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 134: 563582.
  • Ooyama KV. 1969. Numerical simulation of the life cycle of tropical cyclones. J. Atmos. Sci. 26: 340.
  • Raymond DJ, Sessions SL. 2007. Evolution of convection during tropical cyclogenesis. Geophys. Res. Lett. 34: L06811, DOI: 10.1029/2006GL028607.
  • Reasor PD, Montgomery MT, Bosart LF. 2005. Mesoscale observations of the genesis of hurricane Dolly (1996). J. Atmos. Sci. 62: 31513171.
  • Ritchie EA, Holland GJ. 1999. Large-scale patterns associated with tropical cyclogenesis in the western Pacific. Mon. Weather Rev. 127: 20272043.
  • Rutherford B, Montgomery MT. 2011. A Lagrangian characterization of a developing and non-developing disturbance observed during the PREDICT Experiment. Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 11: 3327233323.
  • Saunders AB, Montgomery MT. 2004. ‘A closer look at vortical hot towers within a tropical cyclogenesis environment’. Atmospheric Science Bluebook No. 752. Colorado State University: Fort Collins, USA.
  • Shay LK. 2010. Air–sea interactions. Chapter 42 of Global perspectives on tropical cyclones: From science to mitigation. Kepert JD, Chan JCL (eds). Series on Asia-Pacific Weather and Climate, vol. 4. World Scientific: Singapore.
  • Stith JL, Haggerty JA, Heymsfield A, Grainger CA. 2004. Microphysical characteristics of tropical updrafts in clean conditions. J. Appl. Meteorol. 43: 779794.
  • Stommel H. 1947. Entrainment of air into a cumulus cloud. J. Meteorol. 4: 9194.
  • Tory KJ, Montgomery MT. 2007. Internal influences on tropical cyclone formation. In Proceedings of Sixth WMO International Workshop on Tropical Cyclones (IWTC-VI), San José, Costa Rica, Nov. 2006. (WWRP 2007-1) World Meteorological Organization: Geneva, Switzerland.
  • Tory K, Frank WM. 2010. Tropical cyclone formation. Chapter 2 of Global perspectives on tropical cyclones: From science to mitigation. Kepert JD, Chan JCL (eds). Series on Asia-Pacific Weather and Climate, vol. 4. World Scientific: Singapore.
  • Wissmeier U, Smith RK. 2011. Tropical-cyclone convection: the effects of ambient vertical vorticity. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 137: 845857.
  • Zipser EJ, Twohy CH, Tsay S-C, Hsu NC, Heymsfield GM, Thornhill KL, Tanelli S, Ross R, Krishnamurti TN, Ji Q, Jenkins G, Ismail S, Ferrare R, Chen G, Browell EV, Anderson B, Hood R, Goodman HM, Heymsfield A, Halverson J, Dunion JP, Douglas M, Cifelli R. 2009. The Saharan Air Layer and the fate of African Easterly Waves—NASA's AMMA field study of tropical cyclogenesis. Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc. 90: 11371156.