SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Bennett LJ, Browning KA, Blyth AM, Parker DJ, Clark PA. 2006. A review of the initiation of precipitating convection in the United Kingdom. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 132: 10011020.
  • Buizza R, Houtekamer PL, Toth Z, Pellerin G, Wei M, Zhu Y. 2005. A comparison of the ECMWF, MSC, and NCEP global ensemble prediction systems. Mon. Weather Rev. 133: 10761096.
  • Burt S. 2005. Cloudburst upon Hendraburnick down: the Boscastle storm of 16 August 2004. Weather 60: 219227.
  • Clark AJ, Gallus WA, Xue M, Kong F. 2009. A comparison of precipitation forecast skill between small convection-allowing and large convection-parameterizing ensembles. Weather Forecast. 24: 11211140.
  • Clark AJ, Kain JS, Stensrud DJ, Xue M, Kong F, Coniglio MC, Thomas KW, Wang Y, Brewster K, Gao J, Wang X, Weiss SJ, Du J. 2011a. Probabilistic precipitation forecast skill as a function of ensemble size and spatial scale in a convection-allowing ensemble. Mon. Weather Rev. 139: 14101418.
  • Clark AJ, Weiss SJ, Kain JS, Jirak IL, Coniglio M, Melick CJ, Siewert C, Sobash RA, Marsh PT, Dean AR, Xue M, Kong F, Thomas KW, Wang Y, Brewster K, Gao J, Wang X, Du J, Novak DR, Barthold FE, Bodner MJ, Levit JJ, Entwistle CB, Jensen TL, Correia J. 2011b. An overview of the 2010 hazardous weather testbed experimental forecast program spring experiment. Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 93: 5574.
  • Dacre HF. 2010. A new method for evaluating regional air quality forecasts. Atmos. Env. 45: 9931002.
  • Davies T, Cullen MJP, Malcolm AJ, Mawson MH, Staniforth A, White AA, Wood N. 2005. A new dynamical core for the Met Office's global and regional modelling of the atmosphere. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 131: 17591782.
  • Edwards J, Slingo A. 1996. Studies with a flexible new radiation code. Part I: Choosing a configuration for a large-scale model. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 122: 689719.
  • Essery RLH, Best MJ, Betts RA, Cox PM, Taylor CM. 2003. Explicit representation of subgrid heterogeneity in a GCM land surface scheme. J. Hydromet. 4: 530543.
  • Fierro AO, Simpson JM, LeMone MA, Straka JM, Smull BF. 2009. On how hot towers fuel the Hadley cell: An observational and modeling study of line-organized convection in the equatorial trough from TOGA COARE. J. Atmos. Sci. 66: 27302746.
  • Fletcher NH. 1962. The Physics of Rainclouds. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK.
  • Forbes RM, Clark PA. 2003. Sensitivity of extratropical cyclone mesoscale structure to the parametrization of ice microphysical processes. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 129: 11231148.
  • Fujita T, Stensrud DJ, Dowell DC. 2007. Surface data assimilation using an ensemble Kalman filter approach with initial condition and model physics uncertainties. Mon. Weather Rev. 135: 18461868.
  • Gebhardt C, Theis SE, Paulat M, Bouallegue ZB. 2011. Uncertainties in COSMO-DE precipitation forecasts introduced by model perturbation and variations of later boundaries. Atmos. Res. 100: 168177.
  • Gilmore MS, Wicker LJ. 1998. The influence of midtropospheric dryness on supercell morphology and evolution. Mon. Weather Rev. 126: 943958.
  • Golding B. 2005. ‘Boscastle and North Cornwall post flood event study: meteorological analysis of the conditions leading to flooding on 16 August 2004’. Forecasting Research Technical Report No. 459, Met Office.
  • Golding B, Clark P, May B. 2005. The Boscastle flood: meteorological analysis of the conditions leading to flooding on 16 August 2004. Weather 60: 230235.
  • Gregory D, Rowntree PR. 1990. A mass flux convection scheme with representation of cloud ensemble characteristics and stability-dependent closure. Mon. Weather Rev. 118: 14831506.
  • Heymsfield AJ, Miloshevich LM. 1995. Relative humidity and temperature influences on cirrus formation and evolution: observations from Wave Cloud and FIRE II. J. Atmos. Sci. 52: 43024326.
  • Heymsfield GM, Tian L, Heymsfield AJ, Li L, Guimond S. 2010. Characteristics of deep tropical and subtropical convection from nadir-viewing high-altitude airborne doppler radar. J. Atmos. Sci. 67: 285308.
  • Hohenegger C, Walser A, Langhans W, Schar C. 2008. Cloud-resolving ensemble simulations of the August 2005 Alpine flood. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 134: 889904.
  • Lean HW, Ballard SP, Clark PA, Dixon MA, Li Z, Roberts NM. 2005. ‘The summer 2004 reruns with the High Resolution Trial Model’. Technical Report 466, MetOffice R&D.
  • Lean HW, Clark PA, Dixon M, Roberts NM, Fitch A, Forbes R, Halliwell C. 2008. Characteristics of high-resolution versions of the Met Office Unified Model for forecasting convection over the United Kingdom. Mon. Weather Rev. 136: 34083424.
  • Lean HW, Roberts NM, Clark PA, Morcrette C. 2009. The surprising role of orography in the initiation of an isolated thunderstorm in southern England. Mon. Weather Rev. 137: 30263046.
  • Leoncini G, Plant RS, Gray SL, Clark PA. 2010. Perturbation growth at the convective scale for CSIP IOP18. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 136: 653670.
  • Lock AP. 2001. The numerical representation of entrainment in parameterizations of boundary layer turbulent mixing. Mon. Weather Rev. 129: 11481163.
  • Lock AP, Brown AR, Bush MR, Martin GM, Smith RNB. 2000. A new boundary layer mixing scheme. Part I: Scheme description and single-column model tests. Mon. Weather Rev. 128: 31873199.
  • Marsigli C, Montani A, Nerozzi F, Paccagnella T. 2004. Probabilistic high-resolution forecast of heavy precipitation over central Europe. Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. 4: 315322.
  • Mason PJ, Thomson DJ. 1992. Stochastic backscatter in large-eddy simulations of boundary layers. J. Fluid Mech. 242: 5178.
  • Meyers MP, DeMott PJ, Cotton WR. 1992. New primary ice-nucleation parameterizations in an explicit cloud model. J. Appl. Meteorol. 31: 708721.
  • Oke TR. 1987. Boundary Layer Climates (2nd edn). Routledge: Abingdon, UK.
  • Roberts NM. 2003. ‘Stage 2 report form the storm-scale numerical modelling project’. Technical Report 407, MetOffice R&D. http://www.metoffice.gov.uk/research/nwp/publications/papers/technical_reports/index.html.
  • Roberts NM, Lean HW. 2008. Scale-selective verification of rainfall accumulations from high-resolution forecasts of convective events. Mon. Weather Rev. 136: 7897.
  • Shutts GJ. 2005. A kinetic energy backscatter algorithm for use in ensemble prediction systems. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 612: 30793102.
  • Trier SB, Chen F, Manning KW. 2004. A study of convective initiation in a mesoscale model using high-resolution land surface initial conditions. Mon. Weather Rev. 132: 29542976.
  • van Weverberg K, van Lipzig NPM, Delobbe L, Lauwaet D. 2010. Sensitivity of quantitative precipitation forecast to soil moisture initialization and microphysics parameterization. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 136: 978996.
  • Wernli H, Paulat M, Hagen M, Frei C. 2008. SAL: a novel quality measure for the verification of quantitative precipitation forecasts. Mon. Weather Rev. 136: 44704487.
  • Wernli H, Hofmann C, Zimmer M. 2009. Spatial forecast verification methods intercomparison project: application of the SAL technique. Weather Forecast. 24: 14721484.
  • Wilson DR, Ballard SP. 1999. A microphysically based precipitation scheme for the UK Meteorological Office Unified Model. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 125: 16071636.
  • Wilson D, Forbes R. 2004. ‘Unified model documentation paper 26: the large-scale precipitation parametrization scheme’. Technical Report 26, MetOffice R&D.
  • Yussouf N, Stensrud DJ. 2011. Comparison of single-parameter and multi-parameter ensembles for assimilation of radar observations using the ensemble kalman filter Nusrat Yussouf, David J. Stensrud. Mon. Weather Rev. Volume 140, Issue 2 (February 2012) pp. 562586 doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/MWR-D-10-05074.1.
  • Zhang F, Snyder C, Rotunno R. 2003. Effects of moist convection on mesoscale predictability. J. Atmos. Sci. 60: 11731185.
  • Zhang F, Bei N, Rotunno R, Snyder C, Epifanio CC. 2007. Mesoscale predictability of moist baroclinic waves: convection-permitting experiments and multistage error growth dynamics. J. Atmos. Sci. 64: 35793594.