SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Acevedo OC, Fitzjarrald DR. 2001. The early evening surface-layer transition: Temporal and spatial variability. J. Atmos. Sci. 58: 26502667.
  • Angevine WM, Baltink HK, Bosveld FC. 2001. Observations of the morning transition of the convective boundary layer. Boundary-Layer Meteorol. 101: 209227.
  • Baldocchi DD. 2003. Assessing the eddy covariance technique for evaluating carbon dioxide exchange rates of ecosystems: Past, present and future. Glob. Change Biol. 9: 479492.
  • Bou-Zeid E, Higgins CW, Huwald H, Meneveau C, Parlange MB. 2010. Field study of the dynamics and modelling of subgrid-scale turbulence in a stable atmospheric surface layer over a glacier. J. Fluid Mech. 665: 480515.
  • Brazel AJ, Fernando HJS, Hunt JCR, Selover N, Hedquist BC, Pardyjak ER. 2005. Evening transition observations in Phoenix, Arizona. J. Appl. Meteorol. 44: 99112.
  • Briggs GA. 1981. Canopy effects on predicted drainage flow characteristics and comparisons with observations. In: Preprints, Fifth Sympos. on Turbulence, Diffusion and Air Pollution, Atlanta, GA. Amer. Meteorol. Soc: Boston. 113115.
  • Brutsaert W. 2005. Hydrology: an introduction. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK.
  • Burridge DM, Gadd AJ. 1974. ‘The Meteorological Office operational 10-level numerical weather prediction model (December 1974)’. Technical Reports 12 and 48, Met Office: Bracknell, UK.
  • Catalano F, Cenedese A. 2010. High-resolution numerical modeling of thermally driven slope winds in a valley with strong capping. J. Appl. Meteorol. Climatol. 49: 18591880.
  • Christen A, Van Gorsel E, Vogt R, Andretta M, Rotach MW. 2001. ‘Ultrasonic anemometer instrumentation at steep slopes: Wind tunnel study—field intercomparison measurements’. MAP Newsletter 15: 164167.
  • Cole GS, Fernando HJS. 1998. Some aspects of the decay of convective turbulence. Fluid Dyn. Res. 23: 161176.
  • Colette A, Chow FK, Street RL. 2003. A numerical study of inversion-layer breakup and the effects of topographic shading in idealized valleys. J. Appl. Meteorol. 42: 12551272.
  • Dozier J, Frew J. 1990. Rapid calculation of terrain parameters for radiation modeling from digital elevation data. IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 28: 963969.
  • Etzold S, Buchmann N, Eugster W. 2010. Contribution of advection to the carbon budget measured by eddy covariance at a steep mountain slope forest in Switzerland. Biogeosci. 7: 24612475.
  • Fedorovich E, Shapiro A. 2009. Structure of numerically simulated katabatic and anabatic flows along steep slopes. Acta Geophys. 57: 9811010.
  • Fernando HJS. 2010. Fluid dynamics of urban atmospheres in complex terrain. Ann. Rev. Fluid Mech. 42: 365389.
  • Finnigan JJ, Clement R, Malhi Y, Leuning R, Cleugh HA. 2003. A re-evaluation of long-term flux measurement techniques. Part I: Averaging and coordinate rotation. Boundary-Layer Meteorol. 107: 148.
  • Foken T, Wichura B. 1996. Tools for quality assessment of surface-based flux measurements. Agric. Forest Meteorol. 78: 83105.
  • Geissbuhler P, Siegwolf R, Eugster W. 2000. Eddy covariance measurements on mountain slopes: The advantage of surface-normal sensor orientation over a vertical set-up. Boundary-Layer Meteorol. 96: 371392.
  • Goulart A, Degrazia G, Rizza U, Anfossi D. 2003. A theoretical model for the study of convective turbulence decay and comparison with large-eddy simulation data. Boundary-Layer Meteorol. 107: 143155.
  • Grant ALM. 1997. An observational study of the evening transition boundary layer. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 123: 657677.
  • Grubišić V, Doyle JD, Kuettner J, Mobbs S, Smith RB, Whiteman CD, Dirks R, Czyzyk S, Cohn SA, Vosper S, Weissmann M, Haimov S, De Wekker SFJ, Pan LL, Chow FK. 2008. The terrain-induced rotor experiment—A field campaign overview including observational highlights. Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc. 89: 15131533.
  • Hammerle A, Haslwanter A, Schmitt M, Bahn M, Tappeiner U, Cernusca A, Wohlfahrt G. 2007. Eddy covariance measurements of carbon dioxide, latent and sensible energy fluxes above a meadow on a mountain slope. Boundary-Layer Meteorol. 122: 397416.
  • Hiller R, Zeeman M, Eugster W. 2008. Eddy-covariance flux measurements in the complex terrain of an alpine valley in Switzerland. Boundary-Layer Meteorol. 127: 449467.
  • Hoch SW, Whiteman CD. 2010. Topographic effects on the surface radiation balance in and around Arizona's Meteor Crater. J. Appl. Meteorol. Climatol. 49: 11141128.
  • Hunt JCR, Fernando HJS, Princevac M. 2003. Unsteady thermally driven flows on gentle slopes. J. Atmos. Sci. 60: 21692182.
  • Ingelrest F, Barrenetxea G, Schaefer G, Vetterli M, Couach O, Parlange MB. 2010. Sensorscope: Application-specific sensor network for environmental monitoring. ACM Trans. Sensor Networks 6: 132.
  • Kiely G, Albertson JD, Parlance MB, Eichinger WE. 1996. Convective scaling of the average dissipation rate of temperature variance in the atmospheric surface layer. Boundary-Layer Meteorol. 77: 267284.
  • Kleissl J, Honrath RE, Dziobak MP, Tanner D, Martin MV, Owen RC, Helmig D. 2007. Occurrence of upslope flows at the Pico mountaintop observatory: A case study of orographic flows on a small, volcanic island. J. Geophys. Res.–Atmos. 112: D10S35, DOI: 10.1029/2006JD007565.
  • Kondo J, Sato T. 1988. A simple-model of drainage flow on a slope. Boundary-Layer Meteorol. 43: 103123.
  • Kossmann M, Fiedler F. 2000. Diurnal momentum budget analysis of thermally induced slope winds. Meteorol. Atmos. Phys. 75: 195215.
  • Kossmann M, Vogtlin R, Corsmeier U, Vogel B, Fiedler F, Binder HJ, Kalthoff N, Beyrich F. 1998. Aspects of the convective boundary-layer structure over complex terrain. Atmos. Environ. 32: 13231348.
  • Lewis HW, Mobbs SD, Lehning M. 2008. Observations of cross-ridge flows across steep terrain. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 134: 801816.
  • Mahrt L. 1998. Stratified atmospheric boundary layers and breakdown of models. Theor. Comput. Fluid Dyn. 11: 263279.
  • Mahrt L, Vickers D. 2006. Extremely weak mixing in stable conditions. Boundary-Layer Meteorol. 119: 1939.
  • Mahrt L, Richardson S, Seaman N, Stauffer D. 2010. Non-stationary drainage flows and motions in the cold pool. Tellus A 62: 698705.
  • Mahrt L, Vickers D, Nakamura R, Soler MR, Sun JL, Burns S, Lenschow DH. 2001. Shallow drainage flows. Boundary-Layer Meteorol. 101: 243260.
  • Manins PC. 1992. Vertical fluxes in katabatic flows. Boundary-Layer Meteorol. 60: 169178.
  • Manins PC, Sawford BL. 1979. A model of katabatic winds. J. Atmos. Sci. 36: 619630.
  • Matzinger N, Andretta M, Van Gorsel E, Vogt R, Ohmura A, Rotach MW. 2003. Surface radiation budget in an Alpine valley. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 129: 877895.
  • Nadeau DF, Brutsaert W, Parlange MB, Bou-Zeid E, Barrenetxea G, Couach O, Boldi MO, Selker JS, Vetterli M. 2009. Estimation of urban sensible heat flux using a dense wireless network of observations. Environ. Fluid Mech. 9: 635653.
  • Nadeau DF, Pardyjak ER, Higgins CW, Fernando HJS, Parlange MB. 2011. A simple model for the afternoon and early evening decay of convective turbulence over different land surfaces. Boundary-Layer Meteorol. 141: 301324.
  • Nappo CJ, Rao KS. 1987. A model study of pure katabatic flows. Tellus A 39: 6171.
  • Nelson MA, Pardyjak ER, Klein P. 2011. Momentum and turbulent kinetic energy budgets within the Park Avenue street canyon during the joint urban 2003 field campaign. Boundary-Layer Meteorol. 140: 143162.
  • Nieuwstadt FTM, Brost RA. 1986. The decay of convective turbulence. J. Atmos. Sci. 43: 532546.
  • Oliphant AJ, Spronken-Smith RA, Sturman AP, Owens IF. 2003. Spatial variability of surface radiation fluxes in mountainous terrain. J. Appl. Meteorol. 42: 113128.
  • Oncley SP, Friehe CA, Larue JC, Businger JA, Itsweire EC, Chang SS. 1996. Surface-layer fluxes, profiles, and turbulence measurements over uniform terrain under near-neutral conditions. J. Atmos. Sci. 53: 10291044.
  • Papadopoulos KH, Helmis CG. 1999. Evening and morning transition of katabatic flows. Boundary-Layer Meteorol. 92: 195227.
  • Papadopoulos KH, Helmis CG, Soilemes AT, Kalogiros J, Papageorgas PG, Asimakopoulos DN. 1997. The structure of katabatic flows down a simple slope. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 123: 15811601.
  • Pardyjak ER, Fernando HJS, Hunt JCR, Grachev AA, Anderson J. 2009. A case study of the development of nocturnal slope flows in a wide open valley and associated air quality implications. Meteorol. Z. 18: 85100.
  • Pino D, Jonker HJJ, de Arellano JVG, Dosio A. 2006. Role of shear and the inversion strength during sunset turbulence over land: Characteristic length scales. Boundary-Layer Meteorol. 121: 537556.
  • Princevac M, Hunt JCR, Fernando HJS. 2008. Quasi-steady katabatic winds on slopes in wide valleys: Hydraulic theory and observations. J. Atmos. Sci. 65: 627643.
  • Rotach MW, Zardi D. 2007. On the boundary-layer structure over highly complex terrain: Key findings from MAP. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 133: 937948.
  • Rotach MW, Andretta M, Calanca P, Weigel AP, Weiss A. 2008. Boundary-layer characteristics and turbulent exchange mechanisms in highly complex terrain. Acta Geophys. 56: 194219.
  • Rotach MW, Calanca P, Graziani G, Gurtz J, Steyn DG, Vogt R, Andretta M, Christen A, Cieslik S, Connolly R, De Wekker SFJ, Galmarini S, Kadygrov EN, Kadygrov V, Miller E, Neininger B, Rucker M, Van Gorsel E, Weber H, Weiss A, Zappa M. 2004. Turbulence structure and exchange processes in an alpine valley—The Riviera project. Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc. 85: 13671385.
  • Schumann U. 1990. Large-eddy simulation of the up-slope boundary-layer. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 116: 637670.
  • Serafin S, Zardi D. 2010a. Daytime heat transfer processes related to slope flows and turbulent convection in an idealized mountain valley. J. Atmos. Sci. 67: 37393756.
  • Serafin S, Zardi D. 2010b. Structure of the atmospheric boundary layer in the vicinity of a developing upslope flow system: A numerical model study. J. Atmos. Sci. 67: 11711185.
  • Shapiro A, Fedorovich E. 2007. Katabatic flow along a differentially cooled sloping surface. J. Fluid Mech. 571: 149175.
  • Simoni S, Padoan S, Nadeau DF, Diebold M, Porporato A, Barrenetxea G, Ingelrest F, Vetterli M, Parlange MB. 2011. Hydrologic response of an Alpine watershed: Application of a meteorological wireless sensor network to understand streamflow generation. Water Resources Res. 47: W10524, DOI: 10.1029/2011wr010730.
  • Skyllingstad ED. 2003. Large-eddy simulation of katabatic flows. Boundary-Layer Meteorol. 106: 217243.
  • Smith CM, Skyllingstad ED. 2005. Numerical simulation of katabatic flow with changing slope angle. Mon. Weather Rev. 133: 30653080.
  • Sorbjan Z. 1997. Decay of convective turbulence revisited. Boundary-Layer Meteorol. 82: 501515.
  • Stull RB. 1988. An introduction to boundary-layer meteorology. Kluwer Academic Publishers: Dordrecht, The Netherlands.
  • Trachte K, Nauss T, Bendix J. 2010. The impact of different terrain configurations on the formation and dynamics of katabatic flows: Idealised case studies. Boundary-Layer Meteorol. 134: 307325.
  • Van Gorsel E, Christen A, Feigenwinter C, Parlow E, Vogt R. 2003. Daytime turbulence statistics above a steep forested slope. Boundary-Layer Meteorol. 109: 311329.
  • Weigel AP, Rotach MW. 2004. Flow structure and turbulence characteristics of the daytime atmosphere in a steep and narrow Alpine valley. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 130: 26052627.
  • Whiteman CD. 1990. Observations of thermally developed wind systems in mountainous terrain. In: Atmospheric Processes over Complex Terrain, Meteorol. Monogr. 23: Blumen W. (ed.) Amer. Meteorological Soc: Boston. 542.
  • Whiteman CD. 2000. Mountain meteorology: Fundamentals and applications. Oxford University Press: New York.
  • Whiteman CD, Allwine KJ. 1986. Extraterrestrial solar radiation on inclined surfaces. Environ. Softw. 1: 164169.
  • Whiteman CD, Doran JC. 1993. The relationship between overlying synoptic-scale flows and winds within a valley. J. Appl. Meteorol. 32: 16691682.
  • Whiteman CD, Allwine KJ, Fritschen LJ, Orgill MM, Simpson JR. 1989. Deep valley radiation and surface-energy budget microclimates. Part I: Radiation. J. Appl. Meteorol. 28: 414426.
  • Whiteman CD, Muschinski A, Zhong S, Fritts D, Hoch SW, Hahnenberger M, Yao WQ, Hohreiter V, Behn M, Cheon Y, Clements CB, Horst TW, Brown WOJ, Oncley SP. 2008. METCRAX 2006; Meteorological experiments in Arizona's Meteor Crater. Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc. 89: 16651680.
  • Wilczak J, Oncley S, Stage S. 2001. Sonic anemometer tilt correction algorithms. Boundary-Layer Meteorol. 99: 127150.