SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Clothiaux EE, Ackerman TP, Mace GG, Moran KP, Marchand RT, Miller MA, Martner BE. 2000. Objective determination of cloud heights and radar reflectivities using a combination of active remote sensors at the ARM CART sites. J. Appl. Meteorol. 39: 645665.
  • Curry JA. 1986. Interactions among turbulence, radiation and microphysics in Arctic stratus clouds. J. Atmos. Sci. 43: 90106.
  • Curry JA, Ebert EE, Herman GF. 1988. Mean and turbulent structure of the summertime Arctic cloudy boundary layer. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 114: 715746.
  • Curry JA, Rossow WB, Randall DA, Schramm JL. 1996. Overview of Arctic cloud and radiation characteristics. J. Climate 9: 17311764.
  • Curry JA, Hobbs PV, King MD, Randall DA, Minnis P, Isaac GA, Pinto JO, Uttal T, Bucholtz A, Cripe DG, Gerber H, Fairall CW, Garrett TJ, Hudson J, Intrieri JM, Jakob C, Jensen T, Lawson P, Marcotte D, Nguyen L, Pilewskie P, Rangno A, Rogers DC, Strawbridge KB, Valero FPJ, Williams AG, Wylie D. 2000. FIRE Arctic Clouds Experiment, Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 81: 529.
  • Eloranta EW. 2005. High spectral resolution lidar. Pp 143163 in Lidar: Range-resolved optical remote sensing of the atmosphere, WeitkampK (ed). Springer-Verlag.
  • Fleishauer RP, Larson VE, Vonder Haar TH. 2002. Observed microphysical structure of midlevel, mixed-phase clouds. J. Atmos. Sci. 59: 17791804.
  • Ghan SJ, Randall D, Xu K-M, Cederwall R, Cripe D, Hack J, Iacobellis S, Klein SA, Krueger S, Lohmann U, Pedretti J, Robock A, Rotstayn L, Somerville R, Stenchikov G, Sud Y, Walker G, Xie S, Yio J, Zhang M. 2000. A comparison of single column model simulations of summertime midlatitude continental convection. J. Geophys. Res. 105: 20912124.
  • Girard E, Curry JA. 2001. Simulation of Arctic low-level clouds observed during the FIRE Arctic Clouds Experiment using a new bulk microphysics scheme. J. Geophys. Res. 106: 1513915154.
  • Harrington JY, Reisin T, Cotton WR, Kreidenweis SM. 1999. Cloud resolving simulations of Arctic stratus. Part II: Transition-season clouds. Atmos. Res. 55: 4575.
  • Herman GF, Goody R. 1976. Formation and persistence of summertime Arctic stratus clouds. J. Atmos. Sci. 33: 15371553.
  • Inoue J, Liu J, Pinto JO, Curry JA. 2006. Intercomparison of Arctic regional climate models: Modeling clouds and radiation for SHEBA in May 1998. J. Climate 19: 41674178.
  • Jayaweera K, Ohtake T. 1973. Concentration of ice crystals in Arctic stratus clouds. J. Rech. Atmos. 7: 199207.
  • Jiang H, Cotton WR, Pinto JO, Curry JA, Weissbluth MJ. 2000. Cloud resolving simulations of mixed-phase Arctic stratus observed during BASE: Sensitivity to concentration of ice crystals and large-scale heat and moisture advection. J. Atmos. Sci. 57: 21052117.
  • Klein SA, McCoy RB, Morrison H, Ackerman AS, Avramov A, de Boer G, Chen M, Cole JNS, Del Genio AD, Falk M, Foster MJ, Fridland A, Golaz J-C, Hashino T, Harrington JY, Hoose C, Khairoutdinov MF, Larson VE, Liu X, Luo Y, McFarquhar GM, Menon S, Neggers RAJ, Park S, Poellot MR, Schmidt JM, Sednev I, Shipway BJ, Shupe MD, Spangenberg DA, Sud YC, Turner DD, Veron DE, von Salzen K, Walker GK, Wang Z, Wolf AB, Xie S, Xu K-M, Yang F, Zhang G. 2009. Intercomparison of model simulations of mixed-phase clouds observed during the ARM Mixed-Phase Arctic Cloud Experiment. I: Single-layer cloud. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 135:(in press). DOI:10.1002/qj.416.
  • Larson VE, Smith AJ, Falk MJ, Kotenberg KE, Golaz J-C. 2006. What determines altocumulus dissipation time? J. Geophys. Res. 111: D19207, DOI:10.1029/2005JD007002.
  • Long ML. 2003. ‘COAMPS® Version 3 Model Description—General Theory and Equations’. NRL Publication NRL/PU/7500-03-448, Technical Information Services Branch, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC.
  • Luo Y, Xu K-M, Morrison H, McFarquhar GM, Wang Z, Zhang G. 2008. Multi-layer Arctic mixed-phase clouds simulated by a cloud-resolving model: Comparison with ARM observations and sensitivity experiments. J. Geophys. Res. 113: D12208, DOI:10.1029/2007JD009563.
  • Morrison H, Grabowski WW. 2007. Comparison of bulk and bin warm-rain microphysics models using a kinematic framework. J. Atmos. Sci. 64: 28392861.
  • Morrison H, Pinto JO. 2006. Intercomparison of bulk cloud microphysics schemes in mesoscale simulations of springtime Arctic mixed-phase stratiform clouds. Mon. Weather Rev. 134: 18801900.
  • Morrison H, Shupe MD, Curry JA. 2003. Modeling clouds observed at SHEBA using a bulk parameterization implemented into a single-column model. J. Geophys. Res. 108: 4255, DOI:10.1029/2002JD002229.
  • Pinto JO. 1998. Autumnal mixed-phase cloudy boundary layers in the Arctic. J. Atmos. Sci. 55: 20162038.
  • Prenni AJ, Harrington JY, Tjernström M, DeMott PJ, Avramov A, Long CN, Kreidenweis SM, Olsson PQ, Verlinde J. 2007. Can ice-nucleating aerosols affect Arctic seasonal climate? Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 88: 541550.
  • Randall DA, Krueger S, Bretherton CS, Curry JA, Duynkerke P, Moncrieff M, Ryan B, Starr D, Miller M, Rossow W, Tselioudis G, Wielicki B. 2003. Confronting models with data: The GEWEX Cloud Systems Study. Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 84: 455469.
  • Shupe MD. 2007. A ground-based multisensor cloud phase classifier. Geophys. Res. Lett. 34: L22809, DOI:10.1029/2007GL031008.
  • Shupe MD, Matrosov SY, Uttal T. 2006. Arctic mixed-phase cloud properties derived from surface-based sensors at SHEBA. J. Atmos. Sci. 63: 697711.
  • Stephens GL. 1978. Radiation profiles in extended water clouds. II: Parameterization schemes. J. Atmos. Sci. 35: 21232132.
  • Stevens B, Moeng C-H, Ackerman AS, Bretherton CS, Chlond A, de Roode S, Edwards J, Golaz J-C, Jiang H, Khairoutdinov M, Kirkpatrick MP, Lewellen DC, Lock A, Müller F, Stevens DE, Whelan E, Zhu P. 2005. Evaluation of large-eddy simulations via observations of nocturnal marine stratocumulus. Mon. Weather Rev. 133: 14431462.
  • Tsay S-C, Jayaweera K. 1984. Physical characteristics of Arctic stratus clouds. J. Appl. Meteorol. 23: 584596.
  • Turner DD, Clough SA, Liljegren JC, Clothiaux EE, Cady-Pereira KE, Gaustad KL. 2007. Retrieving liquid water path and precipitable water vapor from the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) microwave radiometers. IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 45: 36803690.
  • Verlinde J, Harrington JY, McFarquhar GM, Yannuzzi VT, Avramov A, Greenberg S, Johnson N, Zhang G, Poellot MR, Mather JH, Turner DD, Eloranta EW, Zak BD, Prenni AJ, Daniel JS, Kok GL, Tobin DC, Holz R, Sassen K, Spangenberg D, Minnis P, Tooman TP, Ivey MD, Richardson SJ, Bahrmann CP, Shupe MD, DeMott PJ, Heymsfield AJ, Schofield R. 2007. The Mixed-Phase Arctic Cloud Experiment. Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 88: 205221.
  • Wang Z. 2007. A refined two-channel microwave radiometer liquid water path retrieval for cold regions by using multiple-sensor measurements. IEEE Geosci. Remote Sensing Lett. 4: 591595.
  • Wang Z, Sassen K. 2001. Cloud type and macrophysical property retrieval using multiple remote sensors. J. Appl. Meteorol. 40: 16651682.
  • Xie S, Zhang M, Branson M, Cederwall RT, Del Genio AD, Eitzen ZA, Ghan SJ, Iacobellis SF, Johnson KL, Khairoutdinov M, Klein SA, Krueger SK, Lin W, Lohmann U, Miller MA, Randall DA, Somerville RCJ, Sud YC, Walker GK, Wolf A, Wu X, Wu K-M, Yio JJ, Zhang G, Zhang J. 2005. Simulations of midlatitude frontal clouds by single-column and cloud-resolving models during the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement March 2000 cloud intensive operation period. J. Geophys. Res. 110: D15S03, DOI:10.1029/2004JD005119.
  • Xie S, Klein SA, Zhang M, Yio JJ, Cederwall RT, McCoy R. 2006. Developing large-scale forcing data for single-column and cloud-resolving models from the Mixed-Phase Arctic Cloud Experiment. J. Geophys. Res. 111: D19104, DOI:10.1029/2005JD006950.
  • Xu K-M, Zhang M, Eitzen ZA, Ghan SJ, Klein SA, Wu X, Xie S, Branson M, Del Genio AD, Iacobellis SF, Khairoutdinov M, Lin W, Lohman U, Randall DA, Somerville RCJ, Sud YC, Walker GK, Wolf A, Yio JJ, Zhang J. 2005. Modeling springtime shallow frontal clouds with cloud-resolving and single-column models. J. Geophys. Res. 110: D15S04, DOI:10.1029/2004JD005153.
  • Zhu P, Bretherton CS, Köhler M, Cheng A, Chlond A, Geng Q, Austin P, Golaz J-C, Lenderink G, Lock A, Stevens B. 2005. Intercomparison and interpretation of single-column model simulations of a nocturnal stratocumulus-topped marine boundary layer. Mon. Weather Rev. 133: 27412758.