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Abstract

Some of the most authentic data of the general rainfall over British drainage areas and the run-off in annual periods are marshalled. The difference between these observed quantities of water—i.e., the losses in annual periods from all causes—is fundamentally accepted from other research to be principally the effect of evaporation including evapo-transpiration.

The paper examines the variation in the annual total loss over eight drainage areas by a statistical method. It is postulated that loss is a joint function of meteorological elements and the geological formation penetrated by any rain water; further, that in the present stage the joint functional causation can be simplified to one of separate functions. Thus, it is assumed that the variations in loss can be associated with the rainfall providing the opportunity for evaporation, with the temperature, with the sunshine, and (as following the primary loss in the zone of aeration, influent seepage may provide a flow in the zone of saturation which later may provide a deferred opportunity for evaporation from the capillary fringe and effluent seepage from ground water) with the geological formation. Regressions of loss on the available postulated controls have been inferred. By inductive reasoning, an equation is found approximately representing the observations over the eight areas, by which the annual loss expected on account of various influences can be estimated.