SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Amstrup B. 2003. Impact of NOAA16 and NOAA17 ATOVS AMSU-A radiance data in the DMI-HIRLAM 3D-VAR analysis and forecasting system—January and February 2003, Scientific Report 03–06, 33pp. Danish Meteorological Institute: Copenhagen, Denmark.
  • Bevis M, Businger S, Herring T, Rocken C, Anthes R, Ware R. 1992. GPS meteorology: Remote sensing of atmospheric water vapor using the Global Positioning System. J. Geophys. Res. 97: 1578715801.
  • Bevis M, Businger S, Chiswell S, Herring TA, Anthes RA, Rocken C, Ware RH. 1994. GPS meteorology: Mapping zenith wet delays onto precipitable water. J. Appl. Meteorol. 33: 379386.
  • Cuxart J, Bougeault P, Redelsperger JL. 2000. A turbulence scheme allowing for mesoscale and large-eddy simulations. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 126: 130.
  • De Pondeca M, Zou X. 2001. A case study of the variational assimilation of GPS zenith delay observations into a mesoscale model. J. Appl. Meteorol. 40: 15591576.
  • Elgered G, Plag HP, van der Marel H, Barlag S, Nash J (eds). 2005. COST Action 716: Exploitation of ground-based GPS for operational numerical weather prediction and climate applications, Final Report’, Rep. EUR 21639, 234pp. European Union.
  • Eresmaa R, Järvinen H. 2005. Estimation of spatial GPS zenith delay observation error covariance. Tellus 57A: 194203.
  • Falvey M, Beavan J. 2002. The impact of GPS precipitable water assimilation on mesoscale model retrievals of orographic rainfall during SALPEX'96. Mon. Weather Rev. 130: 28742888.
  • Guo YR, Kuo YH, Dudhia J, Parsons D, Rocken C. 2000. Four-dimensional variational data assimilation of heterogeneous mesoscale observations for a strong convective case. Mon. Weather Rev. 128: 619643.
  • Gustafsson N. 2002. Assimilation of ground-based GPS data in HIRLAM 3D-Var’, Workshop Report on HIRLAM workshop on variational data assimilation and remote sensing. HIRLAM-5 Project: Norrköping, Sweden; pp 8996.
  • Gustafsson N, Berre L, Hörnquist S, Huang XY, Lindskog M, Navascués B, Mogensen KS, Thorsteinsson S. 2001. Three-dimensional variational data assimilation for a limited area model. Part I: General formulation and the background error constraint. Tellus 53A: 425446.
  • Jarlemark P, Johansson J, Stoew B, Gradinarsky L, Elgered G. 2001. Spatial error correlation of GPS atmospheres as determined from simulations. Phys. Chem. Earth 26: 451456.
  • Kuo YH, Zou X, Guo YR. 1996. Variational assimilation of precipitable water using a nonhydrostatic mesoscale adjoint model. Part I: Moisture retrieval and sensitivity experiments. Mon. Weather Rev. 124: 122147.
  • Lindskog M, Gustafsson N, Navascués B, Mogensen KS, Huang XY, Yang X, Andræ U, Berre L, Thorsteinsson S, Rantakokko J. 2001. Three-dimensional variational data assimilation for a limited area model. Part II: Observation handling and assimilation experiments. Tellus 53A: 447468.
  • Macpherson S, Deblonde G, Aparicio J, Casati B. 2008. Impact of NOAA ground-based GPS observations on the Canadian regional analysis and forecast system. Mon. Weather Rev. 136: 27272746.
  • Noilhan J, Mahfouf JF. 1996. The ISBA land surface parameterization scheme. Global and Planetary Change 13: 145159.
  • Pacione R, Sciarretta C, Faccani C, Ferretti R, Vespe F. 2001. GPS PW assimilation into MM5 with the nudging technique. Phys. Chem. Earth (A) 26: 481485.
  • Poli P, Moll P, Rabier F, Desroziers G, Chapnik B, Berre L, Healy S, Andersson E, El Guelai FZ. 2007. Forecast impact studies of zenith total delay data from European near real-time GPS stations in Météo-France 4D-Var. J. Geophys. Res. 112:D06114. DOI:10.1029/2006JD007430.
  • Savijärvi H. 1990. Fast radiation parameterization schemes for mesoscale and short-range forecast models. J. Appl. Meteorol. 29: 437447.
  • Stoew B, Elgered G, Johansson J. 2001. An assessment of estimates of integrated water vapor from ground-based GPS data. Meteorol. Atmos. Phys. 77: 99107.
  • Sundqvist H, Berge E, Kristjánsson JE. 1989. Condensation and cloud parameterization studies with a mesoscale numerical weather prediction model. Mon. Weather Rev. 117: 16411657.
  • Undén P, Rontu L, Järvinen H, and coauthors. 2002. HIRLAM-5 Scientific Documentation’, 144pp. Hirlam-5 Project: Norrköping, Sweden.
  • Vedel H, Huang XY. 2004. Impact of ground based GPS data on numerical weather prediction. J. Meteorol. Soc. Jpn 82: 459472.
  • Yan X, Ducrocq V, Poli P, Hakam M, Jaubert G, Walpersdorf A. 2009. Impact of GPS zenith delay assimilation on convective scale prediction of Mediterranean heavy rainfall. J. Geophys. Res. 114:D03104. DOI:10.1029/2008JD011036.