SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Aoshima F, Behrendt A, Bauer H-S, Wulfmeyer V 2008. Statistics of convection initiation by use of Meteosat rapid scan data during the Convective and Orographically-induced Precipitation Study (COPS). Meteorol. Z. 17: 921930
  • Banacos PC, Schultz DM. 2005. The use of moisture flux convergence in forecasting convective initiation: Historical and operational perspectives. Weather Forecasting 20: 351366.
  • Banta RM. 1990. The role of the mountain flow making clouds. In Atmospheric Processes over Complex Terrain. Meteorol. Monogr. 23: Amer. Meteorol. Soc.: Boston. 183203.
  • Barthlott C, Corsmeier U, Meissner C, Braun F, Kottmeier C. 2006. The influence of mesoscale circulation systems on triggering convective cells over complex terrain. Atmos. Res. 81: 150175.
  • Behrendt A, Pal S, Aoshima F, Bender M, Blyth A, Corsmeier U, Cuesta J, Dick G, Dorninger M, Flamant C, Di Girolamo P, Gorgas T, Huang Y, Kalthoff N, Khodayar S, Mannstein H, Träumner K, Wieser A, Wulfmeyer V 2011. Observation of convection initiation processes with a suite of state-of-the-art research instruments during COPS IOP 8b. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 137(S1): 81100, DOI: 10.1002/qj.758.
  • Bennett LJ, Blyth AM, Burton RR, Gadian AM, Weckwerth TM, Behrendt A, Di Girolamo P, Dorninger M, Lock S-J, Smith VH, Mobbs SD. 2011. Initiation of convection over the Black Forest mountains during COPS IOP15a. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 137(S1): 176189, DOI: 10.1002/qj.760.
  • Bougeault P, Binder P, Buzzi A, Dirks R, Houze RA, Kuettner J, Smith RB, Steinacker R, Volkert H. 2001. The MAP special observing period. Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc. 82: 433462.
  • Browning KA, Wexler R. 1968. The determination of kinematic properties of a wind field using Doppler radar. J. Appl. Meteorol. 7: 105113.
  • Chien F-C, Mass CF. 1997. Interaction of a warm-season frontal system with the coastal mountains of the western United States. Part II: Evolution of a Puget Sound convergence zone. Mon. Weather Rev. 125: 17301752.
  • Corsmeier U, Kalthoff N, Barthlott C, Behrendt A, Di Girolamo P, Dorninger M, Handwerker J, Kottmeier C, Mahlke H, Mobbs SD, Norton EG, Wickert J, Wulfmeyer V 2011. Processes driving deep convection over complex terrain: a multi-scale analysis of observations from COPS IOP 9c. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 137(S1): 137155, DOI: 10.1002/qj.754.
  • Damiani R, Zehnder J, Geerts B, Demko J, Haimov S, Petti J, Poulos GS, Razdan A, Hu J, Leuthold M, French J. 2008. Cumulus photogrammetric, in-situ and Doppler observations: The CuPIDO 2006 experiment. Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc. 89: 5773.
  • Dotzek N. 2001. Tornadoes in Germany. Atmos. Res. 56: 233251.
  • Gorgas T, Dorninger M, Steinacker R. 2009. High resolution analyses based on the D-PHASE and COPS GTS and non-GTS data set. Ann. Meteorol. 44: 9495.
  • Gysi H. 1998. Orographic influence on the distribution of accumulated rainfall with different wind directions. Atmos. Res. 47–48: 615633.
  • Hagen M, Bartenschlager B, Finke U. 1999. Motion characteristics of thunderstorms in southern Germany. Meteorol. Appl. 6: 227239.
  • Hannesen R. 1998. Analyse konvektiver Niederschlagssysteme mit einem C-Band Dopplerradar in orographisch gegliedertem Gelände’. PhD thesis, University of Karlsruhe, Germany.
  • Hitschfeld W, Bordan J. 1954. Errors inherent in the radar measurement of rainfall at attenuating wavelengths. J. Atmos. Sci. 11: 5867.
  • Houze RA. 1993. Cloud Dynamics. Academic Press: San Diego and Oxford, UK.
  • Kaufmann H. 2006. Die mesoskalige Analyse der Feuchteflussdivergenz im Alpenraum’. Diploma thesis, University of Vienna.
  • Kottmeier C, Kalthoff N, Barthlott C, Corsmeier U, Van Baelen J, Behrendt A, Behrendt R, Blyth A, Coulter R, Crewell S, Di Giromalo P, Dorninger M, Flamant C, Foken T, Hagen M, Hauck C, Höller H, Konow H, Kunz M, Mahlke H, Mobbs S, Richard E, Steinacker R, Weckwerth TM, Wieser A, Wulfmeyer V. 2008. Mechanisms initiating deep convection over complex terrain during COPS. Meteorol. Z. 17: 931948.
  • Kunz M, Puskeiler M. 2011. High-resolution assessment of the hail hazard over complex terrain from radar and insurance data. Meteorol. Z. 19: 427439.
  • Lafore JP, Stein J, Asencio N, Bougeault P, Ducrocq V, Duron J, Fisher C, Héreil P, Mascart P, Pinty J-P, Redelsperger J-L, Richard E, Vilá-Guerau de Arellano J. 1998. The MESO-NH atmospheric simulation system. Part I: Adiabatic formulation and control simulations. Ann. Geophys. 16: 90109.
  • Meissner C, Kalthoff N, Kunz M, Adrian G. 2007. Initiation of shallow convection in the Black Forest mountains. Atmos. Res. 86: 4260.
  • Reinecke PA, Durran DR. 2008. Estimating topographic blocking using a Froude number when the static stability is non-uniform. J. Atmos. Sci. 65: 10351048.
  • Richard E, Chaboureau J-P, Flamant C, Champollion C, Hagen M, Schmidt K, Kiemle C, Corsmeier U, Barthlott C, Di Girolamo P. 2011. Forecasting summer convection over the Black Forest: a case-study from the Convective and Orographically-induced Precipitation Study (COPS) experiment. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 137(S1): 101117, DOI: 10.1002/qj.710.
  • Rotach MW, Ambrosetti P, Appenzeller C, Arpagaus M, Fontannaz L, Fundel F, Germann U, Hering A, Liniger MA, Stoll M, Walser A, Ament F, Bauer H-S, Behrendt A, Wulfmeyer V, Bouttier F, Seity Y, Buzzi A, Davolio S, Corazza M, Denhard M, Dorninger M, Gorgas T, Frick J, Hegg C, Zappa M, Keil C, Volkert H, Marsigli C, Montaini A, McTaggart-Cowan R, Mylne K, Ranzi R, Richard E, Rossa A, Santos-Muñoz D, Schär C, Staudinger M, Wang Y, Werhahn J. 2009. MAP D-PHASE: Real-time demonstration of weather forecast quality in the Alpine region. Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc. 90: 13211336.
  • Schroth AC, Chandra MS, Meischner PF. 1988. A C-band coherent polarimetric radar for propagation and cloud physics research. J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 5: 803822.
  • Smith RB. 1979. The influence of mountains on the atmosphere. Adv. Geophys. 21: 87230.
  • Steinacker R, Ratheiser M, Bica B, Chimani B, Dorninger M, Gepp W, Lotteraner C, Schneider S, Tschannett S. 2006. A mesoscale data analysis and downscaling method over complex terrain. Mon. Weather Rev. 134: 27582771.
  • Stoelinga MT, Hobbs PV, Mass CF, Locatelli JD, Colle BA, Houze RA Jr, Rangno AL, Bond NA, Smull BF, Rasmussen RM, Thompson G, Colman BR. 2003. Improvement of Microphysical Parameterizations through Observational Verification Experiments (IMPROVE). Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc. 84: 18071826.
  • Thielen J, Gadian A. 1996. Influence of different wind directions in relation to topography on the outbreak of convection in northern England. Ann. Geophys. 14: 10781087.
  • Van Baelen J, Tridon F, Pointin Y. 2009. Simultaneous X-band and K-band study of precipitation heterogeneity and associated Z–R relationships. Atmos. Res. 94: 596605.
  • Volkert H, Schär C, Smith R. 2007. Editorial: MAP findings. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 133: 809810.
  • Weckwerth TM, Wilson JW, Hagen M, Emerson TJ, Pinto JO, Rife DL, Grebe L. 2011. Radar climatology of the COPS region. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 137(S1): 3141, DOI: 10.1002/qj.747.
  • Wulfmeyer V, Behrendt A, Bauer H-S, Kottmeier C, Corsmeier U, Blyth A, Craig G, Schumann U, Hagen M, Crewell S, Di Girolamo P, Flamant C, Miller M, Montani A, Mobbs S, Richard E, Rotach MW, Arpagaus M, Russchenberg H, Schlüssel P, König M, Gärtner V, Steinacker R, Dorninger M, Turner DD, Weckwerth TM, Hense A, Simmer C. 2008. The Convective and Orographically-induced Precipitation Study: A research and development project of the World Weather Research Program for improving quantitative precipitation forecasting in low-mountain regions. Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc. 89: 14771486.
  • Wulfmeyer V, Behrendt A, Kottmeier C, Corsmeier U, Barthlott C, Craig GC, Hagen M, Althausen D, Aoshima F, Arpagaus M, Bauer H-S, Bennett L, Blyth A, Brandau C, Champollion C, Crewell S, Dick G, Di Girolamo P, Dorninger M, Dufournet Y, Eigenmann R, Engelmann R, Flamant C, Foken T, Gorgas T, Grzeschik M, Handwerker J, Hauck C, Höller H, Junkermann W, Kalthoff N, Kiemle C, Klink S, König M, Krauss L, Long CN, Madonna F, Mobbs S, Neininger B, Pal S, Peters G, Pigeon G, Richard E, Rotach MW, Russchenberg H, Schwitalla T, Smith V, Steinacker R, Trentmann J, Turner DD, van Baelen J, Vogt S, Volker H, Weckwerth T, Wernli H, Wieser A, Wirth M. 2011. The Convective and Orographically-induced Precipitation Study (COPS): the scientific strategy, the field phase, and research highlights. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 137(S1): 330, DOI: 10.1002/ qj.752.