SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Adler RF, Huffman GJ, Chang A, Ferraro R, Xie P-P, Janowiak J, Rudolf B, Schneider U, Curtis S, Bolvin D, Gruber A, Susskind J, Arkin P, Nelkin E. 2003. The version-2 Global Precipitation Climatology Project (GPCP) monthly precipitation analysis (1979–present). J. Hydrometeorol. 4: 11471167.
  • Bannon PR, Bishop CH, Kerr JB. 1997. Does the surface pressure equal the weight per unit area of a hydrostatic atmosphere? Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 78: 26372642.
  • Berrisford P, Dee D, Fielding K, Fuentes M, Kållberg P, Kobayashi S, Uppala S. 2009. The ERA-Interim archive.’ ECMWF, ERA Report Series 1, pp 16.
  • Boer GJ. 1982. Diagnostic equations in isobaric coordinates. Mon. Weather Rev. 110: 18011820.
  • Boer GJ, Sargent NE. 1985. Vertically integrated budgets of mass and energy for the globe. J. Atmos. Sci. 42: 15921613.
  • Chiodo G, Haimberger L. 2010. Interannual changes in mass consistent energy budgets from ERA-Interim and satellite data. J. Geophys. Res. 115: D02112, DOI: 10.1029/2009JD012049.
  • Dee DP, Uppala S. 2009. Variational bias correction of satellite radiance data in the ERA-Interim reanalysis. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 135: 18301841.
  • Dee DP, Uppala SM, Simmons AJ, Berrisford P, Poli P, Kobayashi S, Andrae U, Balmaseda MA, Balsamo G, Bauer P, Bechtold P, Beljaars ACM, van de Berg L, Bidlot J, Bormann N, Delsol C, Dragani R, Fuentes M, Geer AJ, Haimberger L, Healy SB, Hersbach H, Hólm EV, Isaksen L, Kållberg P, Köhler M, Matricardi M, McNally AP, Monge-Sanz BM, Morcrette J-J, Park B-K, Peubey C, de Rosnay P, Tavolato C, Thépaut J-N, Vitart F. 2011. The ERA-Interim reanalysis: Configuration and performance of the data assimilation system. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 137: 553597.
  • Fasullo JT, Trenberth KE. 2008a. The annual cycle of the energy budget. Part I: Global mean and land–ocean exchanges. J. Climate 21: 22972312.
  • Fasullo JT, Trenberth KE. 2008b. The annual cycle of the energy budget. Part II: Meridional structures and poleward transports. J. Climate 21: 23132325.
  • Gibson JK, Kållberg P, Uppala S, Nomura A, Hernandez A, Serrano E. 1997. ERA description.’ ECMWF, ERA-15 Project Report Series 1, pp 72.
  • Graversen RG, Källén E, Tjernström M, Körnich H. 2007. Atmospheric mass-transport inconsistencies in the ERA-40 reanalysis. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 133: 673680.
  • Haimberger L. 2007. Homogenization of radiosonde temperature time series using innovation statistics. J. Climate 20: 13771403.
  • Haimberger L, Ahrens B, Hamelbeck F, Hantel M. 2001. Impact of time sampling on atmospheric energy budget residuals. Meteorol. Atmos. Phys. 77: 167184.
  • Hide R, Birch NT, Morrison LV, Shea DJ, White AA. 1980. Atmospheric angular momentum fluctuations and changes in the length of the day. Nature 286: 114117.
  • Kållberg P. 2011. Forecast drift in ERA-Interim.’ ECMWF, ERA Report Series 10, pp 9.
  • Kållberg P, Simmons AJ, Uppala S, Fuentes M. 2004. The ERA-40archive.’ ECMWF, ERA-40 Project Report Series 17, pp 31.
  • Kållberg P, Berrisford P, Hoskins BJ, Simmons AJ, Uppala S, Lamy-Thépaut S, Hine R. 2005. ERA-40 atlas.’ ECMWF, ERA-40 Project Report Series 19, pp 191.
  • Kistler R, Collins W, Saha S, White G, Woollen J, Kalnay E, Chelliah M, Ebisuzaki W, Kanamitsu M, Kousky V, van den Dool H, Jenne R, Fiorino M. 2001. The NCEP-NCAR 50-year reanalysis: Monthly means CD-ROM and documentation. Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 82: 247267.
  • Onogi K, Tsutsui J, Koide H, Sakamoto M, Kobayashi S, Hatsushika H, Matsumoto T, Yamazaki N, Kamahori H, Takahashi K, Kadokura S, Wada K, Kato K, Oyama R, Ose T, Mannoji N, Taira R. 2007. The JRA-25 reanalysis. J. Meteorol. Soc. Jpn 85: 369432.
  • Rosen RD, Salstein DA. 1983. Variations in atmospheric angular momentum on global and regional scales and the length of day. J. Geophys. Res. 88C9 54515470.
  • Sardeshmukh PD, Hoskins BJ. 1984. Spatial smoothing on the sphere. Mon. Weather Rev. 112: 25242529.
  • Simmons AJ, Burridge DM. 1981. An energy and angular-momentum conserving vertical finite-difference scheme and hybrid vertical coordinates. Mon. Weather Rev. 109: 758766.
  • Simmons A, Uppala S, Dee D, Kobayashi S. 2007. ERA-Interim: NewECMWF reanalysis products from 1989 onwards.’ ECMWF Newsletter 110: 2535.
  • Simmons AJ, Willett KM, Jones PD, Thorne PW, Dee DP. 2010. Low-frequency variations in surface atmospheric humidity, temperature, and precipitation: Inferences from reanalyses and monthly gridded observational data sets. J. Geophys. Res. 115: D01110, DOI: 10.1029/2009JD012442.
  • Starr VP. 1948. An essay on the general circulation of the Earth's atmosphere. J. Meteorol. 5: 3943.
  • Trenberth KE. 1981. Seasonal variations in global sea level pressure and the total mass of the atmosphere. J. Geophys. Res. 86C6 52385246.
  • Trenberth KE. 1991. Climate diagnostics from global analyses: Conservation of mass in ECMWF analyses. J. Climate 4: 707722.
  • Trenberth KE, Caron JM. 2001. Estimates of meridional atmosphere and ocean heat transports. J. Climate 14: 34333443.
  • Trenberth KE, Fasullo JT. 2010. Simulation of present-day and twenty-first-century energy budgets of the Southern Oceans. J. Climate 23: 440454.
  • Trenberth KE, Guillemot CJ. 1994. The total mass of the atmosphere. J. Geophys. Res. 99: 2307923088.
  • Trenberth KE, Smith L. 2005. The mass of the atmosphere: A constraint on global analyses. J. Climate 18: 864875.
  • Trenberth KE, Smith L. 2009. The three dimensional structure of the atmospheric energy budget: Methodology and evaluation. Clim. Dyn. 32: 10651079.
  • Trenberth KE, Solomon A. 1994. The global heat balance: Heat transports in the atmosphere and ocean. Clim. Dyn. 10: 107134.
  • Trenberth KE, Smith L, Qian T, Dai A, Fasullo JT. 2007. Estimates of the global water budget and its annual cycle using observational and model data. J. Hydrometeorol. 8: 758769.
  • Trenberth KE, Fasullo JT, Kiehl J. 2009. Earth's global energy budget. Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 90: 311323.
  • Uppala SM, Kållberg PW, Simmons AJ, Andrae U, Da Costa Bechtold V, Fiorino M, Gibson JK, Haseler J, Hernandez A, Kelly GA, Li X, Onogi K, Saarinen S, Sokka N, Allan RP, Andersson E, Arpe K, Balmaseda MA, Beljaars ACM, Van De Berg L, Bidlot J, Bormann N, Caires S, Chevallier F, Dethof A, Dragosavac M, Fisher M, Fuentes M, Hagemann S, Hólm E, Hoskins BJ, Isaksen L, Janssen PAEM, Jenne R, McNally AP, Mahfouf J-F, Morcrette J-J, Rayner NA, Saunders RW, Simon P, Sterl A, Trenberth KE, Untch A, Vasiljevic D, Viterbo P, Woollen J. 2005. The ERA-40 re-analysis. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 131: 29613012.
  • Uppala S, Dee D, Kobayashi S, Berrisford P, Simmons AJ. 2008. Towards a climate data assimilation system: Status update ofERA-Interim.’ ECMWF Newsletter 115: 1218.
  • Zhao Y, Li J. 2006. Discrepancy of mass transport between the Northern and Southern Hemispheres among the ERA-40, NCEP/NCAR, NCEP-DOE AMIP-2, and JRA-25 reanalysis. Geophys. Res. Lett. 33: L20804, DOI: 10.1029/2006GL027287.