Born October 28, 1916, in Uppsala, Sweden.
Research Scientist and Educator.
Father: Erik Wilhelm Löwdin, musician. Mother: Eva Kristina Östgren. Married: 1960 to Karin Wilhelmina Höok. Children: Per Erik Assar and Anna Karin Charlotta.
Professor Emeritus of Quantum Chemistry at Uppsala University, Sweden; Graduate Research Professor Emeritus at the University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida.
Editor-in-Chief of the International Journal of Quantum Chemistry (1967–2000) and Editor-in-Chief of Advances in Quantum Chemistry (1967–2000).
Honorary president of the International Academy of Quantum Molecular Science, Menton, France, 1986–2000; (President 1979–1985); Honorary president of the European Academy of Arts, Sciences, and Humanities, France 1986–2000; Honorary president of the World Association of Theoretical Organic Chemists (WATOC, 1986–2000); Honorary president of the International Society of Quantum Biology; Honorary president of the Catalonian Quantum Chemistry Society. Doctor honoris causa (Gent 1975, Paris 1975, Turku 1980, Konstanz 1996). Uppsala University established a yearly “Per-Olov Löwdin Lectureship” in 1983. Scientific volumes (Festschrifts) have been dedicated to Dr. Löwdin in 1966, 1976, and 1989.
Knight of the Swedish Royal Order of the North Star; Commander of the Swedish Order of Vasa; Björkén Award (Uppsala 1973); St. Olaf's Medal (Norway 1975); Gold Medal NOR (Sweden 1975); Swedish–American Bicentennial Gold Medal (Sweden 1979); Lavoisier Medal In Gold (French Academy of Sciences, 1981); Chevalier of the Legion of Honour (France 1982); Ultrastructure Award (USA 1985); the Niels Bohr Medal (WATOC, Budapest 1987); University of Florida President's Medalion for Distinguished Service 1980–1992, Oscar Carlson Medal in Gold (Swedish Chemical Society, 1993).
Member of the Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, and Finnish National Academies of Sciences; the Royal Academy of Arts and Sciences in Uppsala; the Royal Society of Sciences in Uppsala; the Norwegian Academy of Sciences in Trondheim; the American Philosophical Society (Pittsburgh); Fellow of the American Physical Society; the Explorers Club (New York); Honorary member of Sigma Pi Sigma Honorary Physics Society and Sigma Xi (USA); Member of the American Chemical Society and the British Physical Society; Foreign Member of the Korean Academy of Science and Technology.
Member of Nobel Committee for Physics, Swedish Royal Academy of Sciences (1972–1984); Member of the Editorial Boards of Foundations for Physics, Journal of Biological Physics, Chinese Journal of Molecular Science, Zeitschrift für Physikalische Chemie; Foreign Member of the Advisory Boards of the Institute for Molecular Science in Okazaki, Japan (1983–1986); the Max Planck Society for Carbon Research, Mülheim a.d. Ruhr, Germany; the Molecular Center of the Korean Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), Seoul, Korea (1992–2000).
Director of the Uppsala–Florida Exchange Project in the Quantum Sciences (1960–2000) and the Florida–Latinamerican and Caribbean Basin Exchange Project in the Quantum Sciences (1985–2000).
Dr. Löwdin is the organizer of 25 Summer Institutes in Scandinavia and 15 Winter Institutes in Florida on quantum chemistry, solid-state theory, and quantum biology, and numerous international scientific conferences including 28 Sanibel Symposia. Author of more than 230 papers in the field of the quantum theory of matter.
Education and Career: Attended school in Uppsala 1923–1935, entered Uppsala University 1935, Swedish degree of Filosofie Licentiat 1942, Filosofie Doktor (D.Sc.) 1948 in Theoretical Physics at Uppsala University. Studies in Switzerland (E.T.H.) for six months in 1946, in Great Britain (Bristol Univ.) for five months in 1948. Lecturer in Mechanics and Mathematical Physics 1942–1948, and Assistant Professor (Docent) in Theoretical Physics, 1948–1955, at Uppsala University. Associate Professor at the Swedish Natural Science Research Council, 1955–1960, assigned to Uppsala. Research Associate, Consultant, and Visiting Professor in the United States for about six months a year during the period 1950–1959 (Duke University, University of Chicago, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, California Institute of Technology, University of Wisconsin, Rice University, University of California in San Diego, Stanford University, etc.).
Founder and leader of Uppsala Quantum Chemistry Group 1955–1982. Professor of Quantum Chemistry at Uppsala University and Head of the Department of Quantum Chemistry, 1960–1982. Professor Emeritus 1983–2000.
Graduate Research Professor of Chemistry and Physics at the University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, 1960–1992. Founder and leader of the Florida Quantum Theory Project, 1960–1982. Founding Director of the Florida Quantum Theory Project, 1983–2000.
Professor Emeritus at Uppsala University, Sweden, from 1983–2000. Graduate Research Professor Emeritus at the University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, from 1993–2000.
Senior Investigator at the National Foundation for Cancer Research (Washington, D.C.) 1984–89.
Special Interests: Quantum chemistry, solid-state theory, and quantum biology, partitioning technique, wave and reaction operators, resolvent methods, rational approximations, etc. Foundations of quantum mechanics and quantum statistics, and their relations to classical mechanics, thermodynamics, etc. Theory of chemical reactions, scattering states, and resonances. Connection between quantum theory and the special and general theories of relativity. Objectivity and reality in the modern natural sciences.
Hobbies: Music, music theory, and mountaineering.