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One-particle density matrix functional for correlation in molecular systems

Authors

  • Mario Piris,

    Corresponding author
    1. Institute of Physical and Theoretical Chemistry, Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Egerlandstrasse 3, D-91058 Erlangen, Germany
    Current affiliation:
    1. Instituto Superior de Ciencias y Tecnología Nucleares, Ave. Salvador Allende y Luaces, La Habana 10600, Cuba
    • Institute of Physical and Theoretical Chemistry, Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Egerlandstrasse 3, D-91058 Erlangen, Germany
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  • Peter Otto

    1. Institute of Physical and Theoretical Chemistry, Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Egerlandstrasse 3, D-91058 Erlangen, Germany
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Abstract

Based on the analysis of the general properties for the one- and two-particle reduced density matrices, a new natural orbital functional is obtained. It is shown that by partitioning the two-particle reduced density matrix in an antisymmeterized product of one-particle reduced density matrices and a correction Γc we can derive a corrected Hartree–Fock theory. The spin structure of the correction term from the improved Bardeen–Cooper–Schrieffer theory is considered to take into account the correlation between pairs of electrons with antiparallel spins. The analysis affords a nonidempotent condition for the one-particle reduced density matrix. Test calculations of the correlation energy and the dipole moment of several molecules in the ground state demonstrate the reliability of the formalism. © 2003 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Int J Quantum Chem 94: 317–323, 2003

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