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Keywords:

  • perovskite;
  • titanium oxide;
  • hybrid-DFT;
  • bandgap;
  • SrTiO3;
  • luminescence

Abstract

When we estimate the proper bandgap for the perovskite-type titanium oxide of SrTiO3 by the use of hybrid-density functional theory (DFT) method, it is important to choose the exchange and correlation functionals. Especially, Hartree-Fock (HF) exchange functional plays the major role in inclusion of the localization effect. In this study, we empirically determined the proper HF exchange functional coefficient for SrTiO3. Though the blue-light emission process in SrTiO3 has attracted much interest, the mechanism is still unclear. To elucidate the mechanism of the blue-light emission process, we performed hybrid-DFT calculations for the oxygen deficient cluster models. It was concluded that oxygen deficiency is irrelevant to the process, because of the strong chemical bond between titaniums. © 2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Int J Quantum Chem, 2008