Approach to potential energy surfaces by neural networks. A review of recent work

Authors

  • Diogo A. R. S. Latino,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Faculty of Sciences, Centre of Molecular Sciences and Materials, Molecular Simulation Group, University of Lisboa, Campo Grande, 1749-016 Lisboa, Portugal
    2. Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences and Technology, CQFB and REQUIMTE, New University of Lisboa, 2829-516 Caparica, Portugal
    • Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Faculty of Sciences, Centre of Molecular Sciences and Materials, Molecular Simulation Group, University of Lisboa, Campo Grande, 1749-016 Lisboa, Portugal
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  • Rui P. S. Fartaria,

    1. Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Faculty of Sciences, Centre of Molecular Sciences and Materials, Molecular Simulation Group, University of Lisboa, Campo Grande, 1749-016 Lisboa, Portugal
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  • Filomena F. M. Freitas,

    1. Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Faculty of Sciences, Centre of Molecular Sciences and Materials, Molecular Simulation Group, University of Lisboa, Campo Grande, 1749-016 Lisboa, Portugal
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  • João Aires-De-Sousa,

    1. Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences and Technology, CQFB and REQUIMTE, New University of Lisboa, 2829-516 Caparica, Portugal
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  • Fernando M. S. Silva Fernandes

    1. Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Faculty of Sciences, Centre of Molecular Sciences and Materials, Molecular Simulation Group, University of Lisboa, Campo Grande, 1749-016 Lisboa, Portugal
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Abstract

In the last years, Neural Networks (NNs) turned out as a suitable approach to map accurate Potential Energy Surfaces (PES) from ab initio/DFT energy data sets. PES are crucial to study reactive and nonreactive chemical systems by Monte Carlo (MC) or Molecular Dynamics (MD) simulations. Here we present a review of (a) the main achievements, from the literature, on the use of NNs to obtain PES and (b) our recent work, analyzing and discussing models to map PES, and adding a few details not reported in our previous publications. Two different models are considered. First, NNs trained to reproduce PES represented by the Lennard–Jones (LJ) potential function. Second, the mapping of multidimensional PES to simulate, by MD or MC, the adsorption and self-assembly of solvated organic molecules on noble-metal electrodes, focusing the ethanol/Au (111) interface. In both cases, it is shown that NNs can be trained to map PES with similar accuracy than analytical representations. The results are relevant in the second case, in which simulations by MC or MD require an extensive screening of the interaction sites at the interface, turning the development of analytical functions a nontrivial task as the complexity of the systems increases. © 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Int J Quantum Chem, 2010

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