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A DFT/TDDFT study of porphyrazines and phthalocyanine oxo-titanium derivatives as potential dyes in solar cells

Authors

  • Ximena Zarate,

    1. Departamento de Ciencias Químicas, Relativistic Molecular Physics Group, Universidad Andres Bello, República 275, Santiago, Chile
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  • Eduardo Schott,

    1. Departamento de Ciencias Químicas, Relativistic Molecular Physics Group, Universidad Andres Bello, República 275, Santiago, Chile
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  • Ramiro Arratia-Pérez

    Corresponding author
    1. Departamento de Ciencias Químicas, Relativistic Molecular Physics Group, Universidad Andres Bello, República 275, Santiago, Chile
    • Departamento de Ciencias Químicas, Relativistic Molecular Physics group, Universidad Andres Bello, República 275, Santiago, Chile
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Abstract

Density functional theory and time dependent density functional theory calculations at the level of LDA/BP86/TZ2P were performed systematically on several Ti(IV) complexes of porphyrazines and one phthalocyanine. We performed an analysis of the frontier molecular orbitals of the ground state electronic structures and also discuss in particular the good concordance of our results with the experimental data, which affords to predict the geometrical and optical properties of new complexes (3, 4, and 7). We also emphasize the characterization of the UV–vis absorption spectra and propose transitions that contribute to the Q and B bands. Some useful calculated properties in complexes 2, 3, and 7, like: high light absorption in the visible region of the spectra, transitions involved in these bands with a determined direction, charge separation, bigger highest occupied molecular orbital–lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (HOMO-LUMO) gaps than complexes 4 and 5, and the energy of their LUMO orbitals (that are higher than the lowest energy level of the conduction band of the TiO2) indicate that system complexes 2, 3, and 7 could act as light-harvesting sensitizers for dye-sensitized solar cells (DSCs). These proposals were made using a model of the previously experimentally known phthalocyanine, which was used as sensitizer in DSCs devices, comparing its electronic properties with the herein proposed sensitizers. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Int J Quantum Chem, 2011

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