A comparative study of the dimers of selected hydroxybenzenes



Hydroxybenzenes are the parent compounds of large classes of derivatives, many of which exhibit biological activities. This work presents the results of a comparative study of the dimers of selected hydroxybenzenes, considering all the possible mutual geometrical arrangements of the two monomers and comparing their relative stabilities and interaction energies. The OH···OH hydrogen bond between the two monomers is the dominant stabilizing factor, with frequent preference for mutual perpendicularity of the two aromatic rings. C[BOND]H···O unconventional H-bonds, OH···π unconventional H-bonds, H···π interactions and π··π interactions also may play significant roles. The factors stabilizing individual hydroxybenzenes (presence of intramolecular hydrogen bonds; number, positioning and orientation of the OH groups; symmetry features) have greater influence on the dimers' relative energy than on the interaction energy between monomers. While results from different calculations methods (HF, MP2, and DFT/B3LYP) show consistency for all the features just-mentioned, they show some relevant differences in the way they take into account different types of interactions between monomers, resulting in some differences in the geometry arrangements of the monomers in the lowest energy dimers and in differences in the relative preferences among higher-energy dimer geometries. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Int J Quantum Chem, 2012