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Polarized–unpolarized ground state of small polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons

Authors

  • E. San-Fabiín,

    Corresponding author
    1. Departamento de Química Física, Unidad Asociada del Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas and Instituto Universitario de Materiales, Universidad de Alicante, San Vicente del Raspeig, Alicante 03690, Spain
    • Departamento de Química Física, Unidad Asociada del Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas and Instituto Universitario de Materiales, Universidad de Alicante, San Vicente del Raspeig, Alicante 03690, Spain
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  • F. Moscardó

    1. Departamento de Química Física, Unidad Asociada del Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas and Instituto Universitario de Materiales, Universidad de Alicante, San Vicente del Raspeig, Alicante 03690, Spain
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Abstract

Do polyacenes, circumacenes, periacenes, nanographenes, and graphene nanoribbons show a spin polarized ground state? In this work, we present monodeterminantal (Hartree–Fock (HF) and density functional theory (DFT) types), and multideterminantal calculations (Møller–Plesset and Coupled Cluster), for several families of unsaturated organic molecules (n-Acenes, n-Periacenes and n-Circumacenes). All HF calculations and many DFT show a spin-polarized (antiferromagnetic) ground state, in agreement with previous calculations. Nevertheless, the multideterminantal calculations, carried out with perturbative and variational wavefunctions, show that the more stable state is obtained starting from the unpolarized HF wavefunction. The trend of the stabilization of wavefunctions (polarized or unpolarized) with respect to exchange and correlation potentials, and to the number of benzene rings, has been analyzed. A study of the spin (〈Ŝ2〉) and the spin density on the carbon atoms has also been carried out. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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