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Keywords:

  • scandium;
  • carbonyl-coordination;
  • computational study

Abstract

Understanding the maximum bonding ability is very important with the potential both to design new compounds and to broaden chemists' imagination. While the coordination ability of the late transition metals has been richly understood, that of scandium is very poor. In this work, a detailed computational study on the equilibrium geometries, stability and vibrational frequencies of a series of Sc(CO)n (n = 1–7), Sc(CO)math image and Sc(CO)math image is reported using density functional theory functionals and the coupled cluster (single-point) method with 6-311+G(3df) basis set. It was shown that the obtained sequential and average CO binding energies of Sc(CO)n (n = 4–7), Sc(CO)math image and Sc(CO)math image are comparable to those of the experimentally known species, i.e., smaller Sc-carbonyls (n ≤3) and the analog Ti(CO)7+. Thus, the studied high scandium carbonyls could all be experimentally accessible. In addition, the studied Sc(CO)n generally favor the low-spin ground state (doublet) structures except ScCO and Sc(CO)3 that are in the quartet states. The previously uncertain spectrum bands were assigned to Sc(CO)4 and Sc(CO)5 in this work. In all, the appreciable stability suggested that the last 18-electron first-row transition metal carbonyls, that is, Sc(CO)math image and Sc(CO)math image, could be accessible in experiment. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.