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Keywords:

  • galanthamine;
  • acetylcholinesterase;
  • quantum chemical calculations;
  • charge density;
  • intermolecular interactions;
  • dipole moment;
  • electrostatic potential

Abstract

Quantum chemical calculations and charge density analysis were carried out to understand the geometry, charge density distribution and the electrostatic properties of isolated galanthamine molecule (form I) and for the same lifted out from the active site (form II) of AChE. The optimized geometry of isolated galanthamine was obtained from a hybrid density functional theory (B3LYP/6-311G**) calculation. A docking analysis on galanthamine with AChE was performed, and the lowest docked energy structure was selected from the active site of AChE for the further study. A single point energy quantum chemical calculation (B3LYP/6-311G**) was carried out for the lowest energy structure, which was lifted from the galanthamine–AChE complex from molecular docking analysis. The structural comparison between (I) and (II) helps to understand the conformational modification of the galanthamine molecule in the active site. When the molecule present in the active site, the molecular geometry is seen to be significantly altered, specifically, large changes were observed in the outer core of the molecule while the inner core geometry is intact. The bond topological and electrostatic properties of (I) and (II) were calculated. The dipole moment of the galanthamine molecule also increases from 2.09 to 2.67 D in the process. A large negative electrostatic potential region is found at the vicinity of oxygen and nitrogen atoms of the molecule, which predominantly involve strong hydrophobic and electrostatic interactions with the amino acid residues TRP84, PHE330, GLY118, TYR70, and SER122 present in the active site of AChE. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.