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Keywords:

  • formic acid (HCOOH);
  • benzene (C6H6);
  • energy decomposition analysis;
  • MP2;
  • double-hybrid density functional

The intermolecular interactions of formic acid (HCOOH) with benzene (C6H6) have been investigated using localized molecular orbital energy decomposition analyses (LMO-EDA) with ab initio MP2 and several double-hybrid density functionals. The molecular geometries of five HCOOH…C6H6 complexes and corresponding benchmark total interaction energies at the CCSD(T)/CBS level are taken from literature (Zhao et al., J. Chem. Theory Comput. 2009, 5, 2726). According to the results of LMO-EDA with the MP2 method, the dispersion energies are found to be as important as the electrostatic energies for the total interaction energies of the five HCOOH…C6H6 complexes. Based on LMO-EDA with the double-hybrid density functionals of B2PLYP, B2K-PLYP, B2T-PLYP, and B2GP-PLYP computations, two new parameters for the framework of B2PLYP are extrapolated. These two new parameters are tested with other 10 complexes involving C6H6 (Crittenden, J. Phys. Chem. A 2009, 113, 1663), and they perform well on predicting the corresponding total interaction energies. Interestingly, these two new parameters for the framework of B2PLYP also perform well on the noncovalent complexation energies database (NCCE31/05) developed by Truhlar's group (Zhao and Truhlar, J. Phys. Chem. A 2005, 109, 5656). Therefore, these two new parameters appear to be suitable for investigating the noncovalent interactions, and they are denoted as B2N-PLYP, where N stands for the noncovalent interaction. This study is expected to provide new insight into the derivation of double-hybrid density functionals for studying the noncovalent interactions. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.