Reaction cycles and poisoning in catalysis by gold clusters: A thermodynamics approach
Article first published online: 2 JUL 2013
Copyright © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
International Journal of Quantum Chemistry
Volume 114, Issue 1, pages 57–65, 5 January 2014
How to Cite
How to cite this article: Int. J. Quantum Chem. 2014, 114, 57–65. DOI: 10.1002/qua.24503, , .
- Issue published online: 22 NOV 2013
- Article first published online: 2 JUL 2013
- Manuscript Revised: 10 JUN 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 10 JUN 2013
- Manuscript Received: 15 MAY 2013
- Humboldt Research Fellowship for Postdoctoral Researchers of the Alexander von Humboldt foundation
- Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (Cluster of Excellence UNICAT hosted by the Technical University Berlin)
- heterogenous catalysis;
- density functional theory;
- ab initio atomistic thermodynamics
In heterogeneous catalysis, a catalytic process takes place at finite temperature and at finite pressure of the atmosphere of the reactant gases. By applying ab initio atomistic thermodynamics to the model case of free Au2 and clusters in an atmosphere of O2 and CO, we derive all the thermodynamically possible reaction paths for the oxidation of CO to CO2. This analysis lets us explain how gold clusters enable oxidation reactions without breaking the spin-conservation rule. Furthermore, we identify special cluster + ligands compositions such as reaction intermediates and poisoned species. In particular, a thermodynamically driven poisoning is identified for the catalytic system containing free Au2, and the experimental (p, T) conditions that avoid its formation are suggested. This implies that for some systems a catalytic cycle can be established, on thermodynamics grounds, only in a defined range of temperatures and pressures. In addition, our predictions for provide the so far most complete interpretation of the available experimental data (Socaciu et al, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2003). © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.