A sensitive and specific method using liquid chromatography with atmospheric pressure chemical ionization mass spectrometry (LC/APCI-MS) has been developed and validated for the identification and quantification of Ranolazine in rat plasma. A simple liquid–liquid extraction procedure was followed by injection of the extracts onto a C18 column with isocratic elution and detection using a single quadrupole mass spectrometer in selected ion monitoring (SIM) mode. The method was tested using six different batches of blank plasma. Linearity was established for the concentration range 0.02–10.0 µg/mL, with a coefficient of determination (r) of 0.9998 and good back-calculated accuracy and precision. The intra- and inter-day precision (relative standard deviation (RSD) %) was lower than 10%, and accuracy ranged from 85 to 115%. The lower limit of quantification was reproducible at 0.01 µg/mL with 20 µL plasma. The proposed method enables the unambiguous identification and quantification of Ranolazine for pre-clinical and clinical studies. Copyright © 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.