Is proton cationization promoted by polyatomic primary ion bombardment during time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry analysis of frozen aqueous solutions?
Article first published online: 23 MAR 2006
Copyright © 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry
Volume 20, Issue 8, pages 1327–1334, 30 April 2006
How to Cite
Conlan, X. A., Lockyer, N. P. and Vickerman, J. C. (2006), Is proton cationization promoted by polyatomic primary ion bombardment during time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry analysis of frozen aqueous solutions?. Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom., 20: 1327–1334. doi: 10.1002/rcm.2446
- Issue published online: 23 MAR 2006
- Article first published online: 23 MAR 2006
- Manuscript Accepted: 16 FEB 2006
- Manuscript Revised: 14 FEB 2006
- Manuscript Received: 16 DEC 2005
- UK Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)
- the National Physics Laboratory (NPL)
Ion bombardment of pure water ice by Au+ monoatomic and Au and C polyatomic projectiles results in the emission of two series of water cluster ions—(H2O) and (H2O)nH+—with n ranging from 1 to >40. The cluster ion yields are very significantly higher under polyatomic ion bombardment than when using an Au+ primary ion. The yield of the protonated water species (H2O)nH+ is found to be enhanced by increasing ion fluence. C bombardment results in a very dramatic increase in the (H2O)nH+ yield and decrease in the yield of (H2O). Au also significantly increased the yield of protonated species relative to the non-protonated but to a lesser extent than C. Bombardment by Au+ also increased the yield of protonated species but to a very much smaller extent. The hypothesis that the protonated species may enhance the yield of [M+H]+ from solute molecules in solution has been investigated using two amino acids, alanine and arginine, and a nucleic base, adenine. The data suggest that the protons produced by the sputtering of water ice are depleted in the presence of these solutes and concurrently the yields of solute-related [M+H]+ and immonium secondary ions are greatly enhanced. These yield enhancements are analysed in the light of other possible contributors such as increased rates of sputtering under polyatomic beams and increased secondary ion yields as a consequence of solute dispersion. It is concluded that enhanced proton attachment is occurring in polyatomic sputtered frozen aqueous solutions. Copyright © 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.