A fast liquid chromatographic/mass spectrometric (LC/MS/MS) screening method for the detection, in urine, of synthetic glucocorticoids, stimulants (formoterol, modafinil and mesocarb), anti-oestrogens (finasteride, exemestane, anastrozole, letrozole and formestane) and synthetic anabolic steroids (stanozolol, gestrinone and tetrahydrogestrinone) is described. All these drugs (and/or their urinary metabolites) can be simultaneously extracted by a single liquid/liquid extraction step, at alkaline pH, after enzymatic hydrolysis with β-glucuronidase, and assayed in 7 min by LC/MS/MS using electrospray ionization in positive ion mode and multiple reaction monitoring as the acquisition mode. All compounds show good reproducibility of both the retention times (CV% <2%) and the relative abundances (CV% <10%). The limits of detection for the anti-oestrogens, glucocorticoids and steroids are in the range of 1–30 ng/mL, and for the stimulants are in the range of 100–200 ng/mL, thus satisfying the minimum required performance limits of the World Anti-Doping Agency. Copyright © 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.