Extractive electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (EESI-MS) was applied to rapid fingerprinting of various perfumes for quality classification. Unique EESI-MS fingerprints of ten famous brands were obtained. This technique was shown to be applicable to rapid forgery detection on the example of an authentic and a counterfeit ‘Miss Dior’ fragrance by Christian Dior. We believe that the high throughput and simplicity of this sample-preparation-free method can be advantageous in the perfume industry, for instance when applied to online quality control. Copyright © 2008 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.