An improved method for de novo sequencing of arginine-containing peptides modified with succinimidyloxycarbonylmethyl tris(2,4,6-trimethoxyphenyl)phosphonium bromide (TMPP-Ac-OSu) is reported. A tagging reagent, TMPP-Ac-OSu, was introduced to improve the sequence analysis of peptides owing to the simplified fragmentation pattern. However, peptides containing arginine residues did not fragment efficiently even after TMPP-Ac modification at their N-termini. This report describes how fragmentation efficiency of TMPP-Ac-modified arginine-containing peptides was significantly improved by modifying the guanidino group on the side chain of arginine with acetylacetone. Copyright © 2008 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.