Timosaponin B-II (TB-II) is one of the major bioactive steroid glycosides isolated from Anemarrhena asphodeloides Bge. (Fam. Liliaceae). It has been regarded as a potential lead compound, which may be further developed into a promising new drug for preventing dementia. To fully understand the action mechanism of TB-II, it is important to study the metabolism profile of this compound in vivo.