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Identification of xanthones from Swertia punicea using high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry

Authors

  • Xin-Gang Du,

    1. School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Peking University Health Science Center, Beijing, China
    2. Shanghai Research Center for Modernization of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, China
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    • These authors contributed equally to this work.
  • Wei Wang,

    1. TCM and Ethnomedicine Innovation & Development Laboratory, School of Pharmacy, Hunan University of Chinese Medicine, Changsha, China
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    • These authors contributed equally to this work.
  • Qing-Ying Zhang,

    1. School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Peking University Health Science Center, Beijing, China
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  • Jun Cheng,

    1. Key Laboratory of Urban Agriculture (North) Ministry of Agriculture, Beijing University of Agriculture, Beijing, China
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  • Bharathi Avula,

    1. National Center for Natural Products Research, Research Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Mississippi, MS, USA
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  • Ikhlas A. Khan,

    1. National Center for Natural Products Research, Research Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Mississippi, MS, USA
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  • De-An Guo

    Corresponding author
    • Shanghai Research Center for Modernization of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, China
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D.-A. Guo, Shanghai Research Center for Modernization of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Haike Road 501, Shanghai 201203, China.

E-mail: gda5958@163.com

Abstract

RATIONALE

Swertia punicea Hemsl. (Gentianaceae) are used mainly for the treatment of acute bilious hepatitis, cholecystitis, fever, intoxification and jaundice in China, as a traditional Chinese folk medicine. Xanthones as the main chemical components of Swertia punicea have many possible pharmacological properties, such as hepatoprotective and anti-HIV. In order to obtain an overall picture of the xanthones of Swertia punicea, high-performance liquid chromatography diode-array detection/tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC/DAD-ESI-MSn) was applied to the structural characterization of xanthones in ethyl acetate and acetone extracts.

METHODS

The ESI-MS fragmentation behaviors of xanthones were investigated based on the 17 reference xanthones and then applied to the structural characterization of xanthones in ethyl acetate and acetone extracts of Swertia punicea by HPLC/DAD-ESI-MSn.

RESULTS

The fragmentation rules of aglycone, C-glycosides, O-glycosides, and polyxanthones with different linkages were summarized. The observed fragmentation pathways were used successfully for the analysis of the xanthone constituents of Swertia punicea, and a total of 34 xanthones were identified, among which 16 compounds were new and one compound was reported from this species for the first time.

CONCLUSIONS

The described methods were very valuable for the identification of xanthones, especially of the trace compounds, and therefore could be utilized for sensitive and rapid qualitative analysis of xanthones in Swertia punicea. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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