Although matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization in-source decay (MALDI-ISD) is an important method for post-translational modification (PTM) analysis, the conventional matrices, 2,5-dihydroxybenzoic acid (2,5-DHB) and 1,5-diaminonaphthalene (1,5-DAN), are poor in terms of the fragment ion yields of the phosphorylated peptides. The use of 5-amino-1-naphthol (5,1-ANL) as a novel matrix for ISD of phosphorylated peptides in MALDI time-of-flight mass spectrometry (TOFMS) is described here.


We have evaluated the ion yields of ISD fragments obtained from phosphorylated peptides using three 1,5-naphthalene derivatives as MALDI-ISD matrices, i.e., 5,1-ANL, 1,5-DAN and 1,5-dihydroxynaphthalene (1,5-DHN). The signal-to-noise ratio (S/N) of c'-series ions obtained from these matrices was used to estimate their suitability for MALDI-ISD of non-modified and phosphorylated peptides.


The order of the S/N values of the ISD fragments for non-modified and phosphorylated peptides were 1,5-DAN > 5,1-ANL > 1,5-DHN and 5,1-ANL > 1,5-DHN > 1,5-DAN, respectively.


The newly introduced matrix 5,1-ANL gave highest ion yields of ISD fragments from mono-, di-, and tetraphosphorylated peptides, while 1,5-DAN was poor in the ISD ion yields for phosphorylated peptides. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.