Complementary mass spectrometric approaches and scanning electron microscopy to study the structural stability of polyurethane tunneled dialysis catheters after exposure to ethanol solutions
Correspondence to: C. Lartigue, UMR Inserm 990 IMTV, Laboratoire de Chimie Analytique et Spectrométrie de masse, Faculté de Pharmacie, Place Henri Dunant, BP 38, 63001 Clermont-Ferrand, France.
Ethanol lock is an emerging therapeutic option for preventing and/or controlling catheter-associated infection. A previous study of silicone catheters showed they underwent no polymer degradation when kept in 60% ethanol for 15 days at 37 °C. The stability of the more widely used polyurethane catheters was studied here in the same way.
A qualitative and quantitative study of the stability of Carbothane® catheters was performed following their immersion at 37 °C in different solvents (0.9% sodium chloride as control medium and 40%, 60%, 95% ethanol solutions) for different periods of time (from 5 min to 15 days) using scanning electron microscopy and complementary mass spectrometry techniques.
Electron ionization analysis of the 95% ethanol storage solutions revealed the release of about 45 products (8 of which were major) subdivided into two groups according to their fragmentation patterns. Combining all the mass spectrometric data made it possible to propose structures. Group I (major) originated from the polycarbonate diol component (soft segment) and group II (minor) from the dicyclohexylmethane-4,4′-diisocyanate component (rigid segment). Semi-quantitative gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) analysis showed that no significantly higher release was observed after immersion for 30 min at 37 °C in 40% ethanol (mean ratio = 0.677 ± 0.068) than after immersion in reference 0.9% sodium chloride solution for 15 days (0.837 ± 0.127).
A 30 min-40% (v/v) ethanol solution can be considered as safe for preventing the infectious complications of Carbothane® dialysis catheters, and a 30 min-60% (v/v) ethanol treatment can be occasionally used to eradicate established biofilm. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.