The consumption of red meat is known to enhance the endogenous formation of N-nitroso compounds (NOCs), which are potent carcinogens. DNA damage related to NOCs, and hence red meat, has been detected in colorectal cells and in blood. We proposed to extend previous studies to a non-invasive approach for the detection of O6-carboxymethylguanine (O6CMG) and O6-carboxymethyl-2'-deoxyguanosine (O6CMdG) in urine in relation to red meat intake using liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry (LC/MS/MS). The presence of the adduct in urine samples either as the free base or as 2'-deoxynucleoside could help in determining the repair mechanism involved when such lesions are produced. A non-invasive assessment of DNA adducts could also allow for large-scale analyses in the population and cancer prevention dietary strategies.