The post-translational modification known as glycation affects the physiological properties of peptides and proteins. Glycation is particularly important during hyperglycaemia where α-dicarbonyl compounds are generated. These compounds react with proteins to generate α-dicarbonyl-derived glycation products, which are correlated with diabetic complications such as nephropathy, retinopathy, and neuropathy, among others. One of these α-dicarbonyl compounds is ethanedial, also known as glyoxal. Thereby, glyoxal binding to protein/peptides is studied by electron capture dissociation (ECD) and collisionally activated dissociation (CAD).