Laser ablation synthesis of new gold carbides. From gold-diamond nano-composite as a precursor to gold-doped diamonds. Time-of-flight mass spectrometric study
Article first published online: 16 DEC 2013
Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry
Volume 28, Issue 3, pages 297–304, 15 February 2014
How to Cite
Havel, J., Peña-Méndez, E. M., Amato, F., Panyala, N. R. and Buršíková, V. (2014), Laser ablation synthesis of new gold carbides. From gold-diamond nano-composite as a precursor to gold-doped diamonds. Time-of-flight mass spectrometric study. Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom., 28: 297–304. doi: 10.1002/rcm.6783
- Issue published online: 16 DEC 2013
- Article first published online: 16 DEC 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 4 NOV 2013
- Manuscript Revised: 2 NOV 2013
- Manuscript Received: 6 SEP 2013
Gold carbides can be produced via laser ablation synthesis (LAS) from mixtures of nano-gold (NG) and various carbonaceous materials. The nano-composite of nano-gold (NG) and nano-diamond (ND) might represent a promising precursor for the generation of new gold carbides.
Time-of-flight mass spectrometry (TOF MS), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) were used. The stoichiometry of clusters was determined via modelling of the isotopic patterns and MSn analysis.
A simple procedure for the preparation of ND-NG nano-composite was developed using NG and ND. The formation of AuCn+ (n = 1–11, 18), Au2Cn+ (n = 1–16) and Au3Cn+ (n = 1–10) clusters during LAS of the nano-composite was proved. Structures of gold carbides are proposed and discussed. Diamonds-containing AumCn+ (m = 1–3, n = 10, 14, 18, 22) clusters might be not carbides but endohedral supramolecular complexes Aum@Cn+ i.e., 'gold-doped' diamonds.
TOF MS was shown to be a useful technique for following the formation of gold carbides in the gas phase. Clusters and 'gold-doped' diamonds generated might inspire synthesis of new Au-C materials with hardly predictable, unusual properties. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.