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RATIONALE

Gold carbides can be produced via laser ablation synthesis (LAS) from mixtures of nano-gold (NG) and various carbonaceous materials. The nano-composite of nano-gold (NG) and nano-diamond (ND) might represent a promising precursor for the generation of new gold carbides.

METHODS

Time-of-flight mass spectrometry (TOF MS), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) were used. The stoichiometry of clusters was determined via modelling of the isotopic patterns and MSn analysis.

RESULTS

A simple procedure for the preparation of ND-NG nano-composite was developed using NG and ND. The formation of AuCn+ (n = 1–11, 18), Au2Cn+ (n = 1–16) and Au3Cn+ (n = 1–10) clusters during LAS of the nano-composite was proved. Structures of gold carbides are proposed and discussed. Diamonds-containing AumCn+ (m = 1–3, n = 10, 14, 18, 22) clusters might be not carbides but endohedral supramolecular complexes Aum@Cn+ i.e., 'gold-doped' diamonds.

CONCLUSIONS

TOF MS was shown to be a useful technique for following the formation of gold carbides in the gas phase. Clusters and 'gold-doped' diamonds generated might inspire synthesis of new Au-C materials with hardly predictable, unusual properties. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.