Remediation of a Diffuse Trichloroethene Plume in an Urban Setting



During an environmental assessment of a former fleet vehicle maintenance facility located in Jacksonville, Florida, dissolved trichloroethene (TCE) concentrations exceeding the Florida groundwater standard (3 micrograms per liter) were detected at a depth of 40 feet (12 meters) below land surface (bls). A plume was delineated that measured approximately 600 feet (183 meters) by 150 feet (46 meters), extending across a major road and onto adjacent properties. Shaw Environmental, Inc., which was acquired by CB&I in February 2012, performed pilot tests with in situ oxygen curtain (iSOC), and the injection of Anaerobic Biochem Plus (ABC+), a mixture of lactates, a phosphate buffer, fatty acids, and zero-valent iron. Based on the pilot-test results, ABC+ appeared the more effective of the two methods and was selected for full-scale implementation. In February 2011, Shaw Environmental, Inc. and a subcontractor used direct-push technology to inject ABC+ in 120 borings. By September 2011, the treatment succeeded in lowering the concentrations of TCE to below the Florida standard in all impacted wells. Subsequent sampling events indicate that TCE concentrations have remained below the standard, but sampling continues for iron, which is decreasing but remains slightly elevated. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.