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Keywords:

  • Urinary incontinence;
  • pelvic floor muscle training;
  • exercise;
  • prostate cancer;
  • quality of life

Abstract

Purpose

To design and implement a rehabilitation program based on pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) to improve the urinary incontinence (UI).

Methods

This study is based on a randomized clinical trial. The sample was formed by 66 participants with prostate cancer. The intervention groups were randomized into an experimental group (EG) and a control group (CG). The variables studied are: waist perimeter, variables related to the evolution of UI, muscular strength, and quality of life (QoL). Measurements were taken in order to evaluate changes in both groups. A statistical analysis was conducted using the Student–Fisher t-test, the Mann–Whitney–Wilcoxon test, and the chi-square test.

Findings/Conclusions

After 24 weeks an improvement was identified in the EG compared with the CG, in waist perimeter (p≤.001), variables related to the UI symptom, intensity, frequency, difficulty and limitation of activity (p≤.0001). A correlation between UI and QoL was observed (p=.039).

Clinical relevance

The improvement in QoL is mediated indirectly by the improvement in the UI symptom.