Urinary Incontinence and Prostate Cancer: A Progressive Rehabilitation Program Design
Article first published online: 18 JUN 2013
© 2013 Association of Rehabilitation Nurses
Volume 39, Issue 6, pages 271–280, November/December 2014
How to Cite
Serdà, B.-C. F. and Marcos-Gragera, R. (2014), Urinary Incontinence and Prostate Cancer: A Progressive Rehabilitation Program Design. Rehabilitation Nursing, 39: 271–280. doi: 10.1002/rnj.110
- Issue published online: 8 NOV 2014
- Article first published online: 18 JUN 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 1 APR 2013
- Urinary incontinence;
- pelvic floor muscle training;
- prostate cancer;
- quality of life
To design and implement a rehabilitation program based on pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) to improve the urinary incontinence (UI).
This study is based on a randomized clinical trial. The sample was formed by 66 participants with prostate cancer. The intervention groups were randomized into an experimental group (EG) and a control group (CG). The variables studied are: waist perimeter, variables related to the evolution of UI, muscular strength, and quality of life (QoL). Measurements were taken in order to evaluate changes in both groups. A statistical analysis was conducted using the Student–Fisher t-test, the Mann–Whitney–Wilcoxon test, and the chi-square test.
After 24 weeks an improvement was identified in the EG compared with the CG, in waist perimeter (p≤.001), variables related to the UI symptom, intensity, frequency, difficulty and limitation of activity (p≤.0001). A correlation between UI and QoL was observed (p=.039).
The improvement in QoL is mediated indirectly by the improvement in the UI symptom.