Nutritional Intake, Body Mass Index, and Activity in Postacute Traumatic Brain Injury: A Preliminary Study
Article first published online: 17 JAN 2014
© 2014 Association of Rehabilitation Nurses
Volume 39, Issue 3, pages 140–146, May/June 2014
How to Cite
Duraski, S. A., Lovell, L. and Roth, E. J. (2014), Nutritional Intake, Body Mass Index, and Activity in Postacute Traumatic Brain Injury: A Preliminary Study . Rehabilitation Nursing, 39: 140–146. doi: 10.1002/rnj.138
- Issue published online: 2 MAY 2014
- Article first published online: 17 JAN 2014
- Manuscript Accepted: 29 SEP 2013
- Spastic Paralysis Research Foundation
- Illinois-Eastern Iowa District of Kiwanis International
- Brain injury;
- practice implications
In the United States, traumatic brain injury (TBI) remains a serious health problem contributing to lifelong disability. Little has been written about nutrition problems experienced postrehabilitation discharge. Our objective was to describe the nutrition and weight management characteristics of TBI survivors after discharge from rehabilitation and to identify characteristics of individuals at risk for weight control issues.
Twenty-six TBI survivors admitted to a freestanding rehabilitation hospital were followed for 1 year postdischarge. Data on height, weight, disability rating, diet and activity were collected at admission, 3, 6, 9 and 12 months after discharge.
Approximately 30% of the participants showed an increasing body mass index from discharge to 1-year follow up. Two patients had more complete long-term data and are highlighted.
The case studies provide insight into the need for rehabilitation nurses to provide nutrition education to TBI survivors that will accommodate changes in lifestyle and activity after discharge.