Falls and Use of Assistive Devices in Stroke Patients with Hemiparesis: Association with Balance Ability and Fall Efficacy

Authors

  • Oksoo Kim PhD, RN,

    1. Division of Nursing, College of Health Sciences, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Korea
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  • Jung-Hee Kim PhD, RN

    Assistant Professor, Corresponding author
    1. Department of Nursing, College of Health Sciences, Dankook University, Cheonan, Korea
    • Correspondence

      Jung-Hee Kim, Assistant Professor, Department of Nursing, College of Health Sciences, Dankook University, 119, Dandae-ro, Cheonan 330-714, Korea.

      E-mail: jhee90@dankook.ac.kr

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Abstract

Purpose

This study investigates balance ability and the fall efficacy with regard to the experiences of stroke patients with hemiparesis.

Methods

The experience of falling, the use of assistive devices, and each disease-related characteristic were assessed using face-to-face interviews and a self-reported questionnaire. The Berg Balance Scale and Fall Efficacy Scale were used to measure balance ability and confidence.

Results

The fall efficacy was significantly lower in participants who had experienced falls than those who had not. The participants who used assistive devices exhibited low balance ability and fall efficacy compared to those who did not use assistive devices.

Conclusions

Stroke patients with fall experience and walking aids might be considered at increased risk of falling.

Clinical Relevance

Preventive measures for individuals using walking aids may be beneficial in reducing the fall rate of community-dwelling stroke patients.

Ancillary