Is Harmonica Playing an Effective Adjunct Therapy to Pulmonary Rehabilitation?
Article first published online: 18 JUN 2012
© 2012 Association of Rehabilitation Nurses
Volume 37, Issue 4, pages 207–212, July/August 2012
How to Cite
Alexander, J. L. and Wagner, C. L. (2012), Is Harmonica Playing an Effective Adjunct Therapy to Pulmonary Rehabilitation?. Rehabilitation Nursing, 37: 207–212. doi: 10.1002/rnj.33
- Issue published online: 28 JUN 2012
- Article first published online: 18 JUN 2012
- quality of life;
- quantitative research;
This randomized controlled trial examined the effect harmonica playing has on various clinical, psychosocial, and functional outcomes among chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients in pulmonary rehabilitation (PR).
Twenty-eight participants (Age 69.9 ± 1.8; FEV1 Predicted 41.9 ± 2.0%) were recruited from an outpatient PR program. Participants were randomly assigned to one of two groups, traditional PR (C; n = 16) or traditional PR plus harmonica playing (HT; n = 9). The HT group was provided a harmonica and one-on-one instruction by PR staff. Patients were given practice exercises to perform for at least 5 minutes, but not exceeding 20 minutes twice/day, 5 days/week.
No significant differences were found between groups. The combined sample improved significantly in their perception of shortness of breath, quality of life, and distance walked in 6 minutes.
Harmonica playing does not significantly affect the clinical, psychosocial, or functional status of COPD patients enrolled in PR.