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Keywords:

  • bladder;
  • quantitative research;
  • rehabilitation

Abstract

Background

In Italy, nurses can use pelvic floor muscle exercises (PFMEs) and extracorporeal magnetic innervation (ExMI) to treat urinary incontinence after radical retropubic prostatectomy (RRP). The efficacy of these treatments remains unclear.

Purpose: To compare PFMEs, ExMI, in the management of post-RRP urinary incontinence.

Methodology: This study compared PFMEs versus no treatment in reducing bladder continence difficulties, and PFMEs versus ExMI in reducing urine leakage. A total of 87 patients were treated with PFMEs, 23 with ExMI; 22 refused rehabilitation (control group).

Findings

Three months after RRP, both interventions reduced the International Prostate Symptom Score, when compared to control group. After 6 months, no significant differences between the treatments were found (p = .8346). After a complete ExMI treatment (6 weeks), 63.88% lost less than 10 grams of urine per day (32.73% in the PFMEs group, p < .0001).

Conclusions

PFMEs are useful up to the 3rd month after surgery; ExMI reduces leakages faster than PFMEs.