Factors Associated with Stroke Survivor Behaviors as Identified by Family Caregivers
Tamilyn Bakas, Professor and PhD Program Coordinator, Indiana University School of Nursing, 1111 Middle Drive, NU 421E, Indianapolis, IN 46202.E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Stroke survivor behaviors that caregivers identify as bothersome can lead to family caregiver stress, which can result in premature institutionalization of the survivor. The purpose of this study was to explore demographic and theory-based factors associated with survivor bothersome behaviors as identified by family caregivers.
A secondary analysis of a combined sample of 96 family caregivers of stroke survivors was conducted using baseline data from two existing studies. Bothersome behaviors were measured using the Revised Memory and Behavior Problems Checklist (RMBPC). Theory-based factors were measured using well-validated scales.
Male stroke survivors exhibited more bothersome behaviors (t = 3.53, p < .01). After controlling for survivor gender, 35% of the variance in bothersome behaviors was explained by caregiver depressive symptoms, task difficulty, life changes, and threat appraisal (F[5, 88] = 10.82, p < .001).
These results identify potential areas for nursing interventions designed to reduce bothersome behaviors as identified by family caregivers.