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The Consequences of Nursing Stress and Need for Integrated Solutions

Authors

  • Rashaun K. Roberts PhD,

    Corresponding author
    1. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Cincinnati, OH, USA
    • Correspondence

      Rashaun K. Roberts, Research Psychologist, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 4676 Columbia Parkway, MS C24, Cincinnati, OH. E-mail: rsr3@cdc.gov

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  • Paula L. Grubb PhD

    1. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Cincinnati, OH, USA
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  • The findings and conclusions in this manuscript have not been formally disseminated by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health and should not be construed to represent any agency determination or policy.

Abstract

Purpose

In a 2011 survey sponsored by the American Nurses Association (ANA), nurses identified the acute and chronic effects of stress and overwork as one of their two top safety and health concerns.

Design/Methods

A review of the literature was conducted to investigate the impact that job stress has on the health and safety of nursing professionals and the role that working conditions and job characteristics play in fostering job stress.

Findings

Strong evidence supporting links between job stress, safety and health in general and within different types of nursing populations exists. Working conditions also contribute to the development of job stress.

Conclusion

Combining and integrating “person-focused” strategies designed to build nurses' ability to manage stress at the individual level with “organization-focused” strategies that eliminate stressful working conditions is critical to the reduction and prevention of job stress among nursing professionals.

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